Английский алфавит

Пословицы и поговорки на английском языке

На английском языке Перевод Русский эквивалент
A bad beginning makes a bad ending. Плохое начало ведет к плохому концу. Плохому началу — плохой конец. Плохое начало не к доброму концу.
A bad corn promise is better than a good lawsuit. Плохой компромисс лучше, чем хорошая тяжба. Худой мир лучше доброй ссоры.
A bad workman quarrels with his tools. Плохой работник с инструментами не в ладу. У плохого мастера и пила плохая. Мастер глуп — нож туп.
A bargain is a bargain. Сделка есть сделка. Уговор дороже денег. Уговор святое дело.
A beggar can never be bankrupt. Бедняк никогда не обанкротится. Голый — что святой: не боится беды. Голой овцы не стригут.
A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. Лучше одна птичка в руках, чем две в кустах. Синица в руках — лучше соловья в лесу. Не сули журавля в небе, а дай синицу в руки. Ближняя соломка лучше дальнего сенца. Лучше воробей в руке, чем петух на кровле.
A bird may be known by its song. Птицу можно узнать по тому, как она поет Видна птица по полёту .
A black hen lays a white egg. Черная курица несет белое яичко. От черной курочки да белое яичко. От черной коровы да белое молочко. Черна корова, да бело молоко.
A blind leader of the blind. У слепого слепой поводырь. Слепой слепого далеко не уведет. Косой кривого не учит.
A blind man would be glad to see. Слепой был бы рад видеть. Посмотрим, сказал слепой .
A broken friendship may be soldered, but will never be sound. Треснувшую дружбу можно склеить (спаять), но она никогда уже не будет прочной. Замирённый друг ненадежен.
A burden of one's own choice is not felt. Груз, который сам выбрал, несешь не чувствуя. Своя ноша не тянет .
A burnt child dreads the fire. Обжегшееся дитя огня боится. Обжегшись на молоке, будешь дуть и на воду.
A cat in gloves catches no mice. Кот в перчатках мышей не поймает. Смысл: будешь белоручкой — дела не сделаешь. Без труда не выловишь и рыбки из пруда. Не замочив рук, не умоешься.
A city that parleys is half gotten. Город, желающий вступить в переговоры, на полпути к сдаче. Осажденный город двоемыслен.
A clean fast is better than a dirty breakfast. Честный пост лучше, чем нечестный завтрак. Смысл: лучше беднее, да честнее. Лучше бедность да честность, нежели прибыль да стыд. Хлеб с водою, да не пирог с лихвою.
A clean hand wants no washing. Чистую руку мыть не нужно. Смысл: честному человеку оправдываться излишне. Правда милости не ищет. Правду красить нет нужды. Правда сама себя очистит.
A clear conscience laughs at false accusations. Чистая совесть смеется над клеветой. Добрая совесть не боится клеветы. Чистого и огонь не обожжёт.
A close mouth catches no flies. В закрытый рот муха не влетит. Смысл: молчание глупостей не делает. В рот, закрытый глухо, не залетает муха. Кто молчит, тот не грешит.
A cock is valiant on his own dunghill. Петух храбр на своей навозной куче. И петух на своем пепелище храбрится. В подполье и мышь геройствует. На своей улочке храбра и курочка. Из-за куста и ворона востра.
A cracked bell can never sound well. Треснутый колокол уже никогда хорошо звенеть не будет. На леченой кобыле далеко не уедешь. Надсаженный конь, надломленный лук да замирённый друг равно ненадежны.
A creaking door hangs long on its hinges. Скрипучая дверь долго висит на своих петлях. Скрипучее дерево два века стоит. Скрипучая береза дольше стоит. Битая посуда два века живет.
A curst cow has short horns. У проклятой коровы рога коротки, Бодливой корове Бог рог не дает.
A danger foreseen is half avoided. Кто знает о надвигающейся опасности, тот наполовину избежал ее. Опасайся бед, пока их нет.
A drop in the bucket. Капля в ведре. Капля в море.
A drowning man will catch at a straw. Утопающий за соломинку схватится. Утопающий и за соломинку хватается. Кто тонет — нож подай, и за нож ухватится.
A fair face may hide a foul heart. За прекрасной внешностью может скрываться низкая душа. Лицом хорош, да душой непригож. Личиком гладок, а делами гадок. Сверху ясно, снизу грязно.
A fault confessed is half redressed. Признанная вина наполовину искуплена. Повинную голову меч не сечет. За признание — половина наказания.
A fly in the ointment. Муха в бальзаме. Ложка дегтя в бочке меда.
A fool always rushes to the fore. Дурак всегда лезет вперед. Глупый ищет большого места, а умного и в углу видать.
A fool and his money are soon parted. Дурак легко расстается с деньгами. У дурака в горсти дыра.
A fool at forty is a fool indeed. Дурак в сорок лет окончательно дурак. Старого дурака не перемолаживать.
A fool may ask more questions in an hour than a wise man can answer in seven years. Умный семь лет не ответит на вопросы, которые дурак задаст за один час. На всякого дурака ума не напасешься .
A fool may throw a stone into a well which a hundred wise men cannot pull out. Дурак в колодец камень закинет—сто умных не вытащат. Дурак завяжет — и умный не развяжет. Умный не всегда развяжет, что глупый завяжет.
A fool's tongue runs before his wit. Дурак сперва говорит, а потом думает. У дурака язык наперед ума рыщет. У дурака язык впереди ног бежит.
A foul morn may turn to a fair day. Ненастное утро может смениться ясным днем. Серенькое утро — красненький денек .
A fox is not taken twice in the same snare. Лису в одну и ту же ловушку дважды не поймаешь. Старую лису дважды не проведешь. Старая лиса дважды себя поймать не даст.
A friend in need is a friend indeed. Друг в беде есть настоящий друг. Друзья познаются в беде. Коня в рати узнаешь, друга в беде. Друг познается в несчастье.
A friend is never known till needed. Друга не узнаешь, пока не понадобится его помощь. Неиспытанный друг ненадежен. Без беды друга не узнаешь.
A friend to all is a friend to none. Тот, кто друг всем, не является другом никому. Всем брат — никому не брат. Приятелей много, да друга нет. И много друзей, да нет дружка.
A friend's frown is better than a foe's smile. Лучше хмурое лицо друга, - чем улыбка врага. Лучше горькая правда друга, чем лесть врага. Недруг поддакивает, а друг спорит.
A good anvil does not fear the hammer. Хорошая наковальня молота не боится. Правда суда не боится.
A good beginning is half the battle. Хорошее начало — половина дела ( Доброе начало полдела откачало .
A good beginning makes a good ending. Хорошее начало обеспечивает хороший конец. Путное начало приводит к путному концу. Зачин дело красит. Лиха беда начало.
A good deed is never lost. Доброе дело даром не пропадет. Доброе дело без награды не остается. Добро всегда вспомянется. За доброе дело жди похвалы смело. Доброе добром поминают.
A good dog deserves a good bone. Хорошая собака заслуживает хорошую кость. По заслугам и честь .
A good example is the best sermon. Хороший пример — наилучшая проповедь. Ничто не убеждает людей лучше примера.
A good face is a letter of recommendation. Хорошее лицо все равно что рекомендательное письмо. Глаза (лицо) — зеркало души. Аленький цветок бросается в глазок. На алый цветок летит мотылек.
A good Jack makes a good Jill. У хорошего Джека и Джил хороша. У хорошего мужа и жена хороша.
A good marksman may miss. И хороший стрелок может промахнуться. И на доброго коня бывает спотычка. И на большие умы живет промашка.
A good name is better than riches.   Добрая слава лучше богатства. Денег ни гроша, да слава хороша. Лучше быть бедняком, чем разбогатеть с грехом.
A good name is sooner lost than won. Хорошую репутацию легче утратить, чем приобрести. Слава приходит золотниками, а уходит пудами.
A good name keeps its lustre in the dark. Доброе имя и во тьме светит. Золото и в грязи блестит .
A good wife makes a good husband. У хорошей жены и муж хорош. Доброю женою и муж честен. У хорошей жены и плохой муж будет молодцом.
A great dowry is a bed full of brambles. Богатое приданое все равно, что постель полная колючек. Лучше на убогой жениться, чем с богатой браниться. Не с богатством жить — с человеком. Не бери приданое, бери милу девицу. Богатую взять — станет попрекать .
A great fortune is a great slavery. Большое состояние — большое рабство. Больше денег — больше хлопот. Лишние деньги — лишние заботы. Богатому не спится, он вора боится.
A great ship asks deep waters.   Большому кораблю — большое плавание.
A guilty conscience needs no accuser. Нечистой совести обвинитель не нужен. Нечистая совесть спать не дает. Совесть без зубов, а грызет. Совесть не волк, а ест поедом. Краденый поросенок в ушах визжит. Грех несет в себе и наказание.
A hard nut to crack.   Орешек не по зубам.
A heavy purse makes a light heart. От туго набитого кошелька на сердце легко. Есть чем звякнуть, так можно и крякнуть.
A honey tongue, a heart of gall. Медовый язык, а сердце из желчи. На языке мед, а под языком лед. Глядит овцой, а пахнет волком.
A hungry belly has no ears.   Голодное брюхо ко всему глухо. У голодного брюха нет уха .
A Jack of all trades is master of none. Человек, который берется за многие ремесла, хорошо не владеет ни одним. За все берется, да не все удается. За все браться — ничего не уметь.
A Joke never gains an enemy but often loses a friend. Шуткой врага не задобришь, а друга можешь оттолкнуть. Шути, да осторожно, а то в беду попасть можно. Шутки шути, да людей не мути. Шути, да оглядывайся.
A lawyer never goes to law himself. Сам юрист никогда в суд не обращается (так как хорошо знает законы и пути, как их обойти). Умный в суд не ходит. Из суда — что из пруда: сух не выйдешь.
A lazy sheep thinks its wool heavy. Ленивой овце и собственная шерсть тяжела. Ленивой лошади и хвост в тягость. Проглотить-то хочется, да прожевать лень. Лежебоке и солнце не в пору всходит .
A liar is not believed when he speaks the truth. Лжецу не верят, даже когда он правду говорит. Раз солгал — навек лгуном стал. Кто вчера солгал, тому и завтра не поверят. Лживый хоть правду скажет, никто не поверит. Соврешь — не помрешь, да вперед не поверят.
A lie begets a lie. Ложь порождает ложь (т. е. чтобы оправдать сказанное раньше, надо еще и еще лгать). Кто привык лгать, тому не отстать.
A light purse is a heavy curse. Легкий кошелек — тяжелое проклятие. Хуже всех бед , когда денег нет .
A light purse makes a heavy heart. Когда кошелек легок — на душе тяжело. Хлеба ни куска, так и в горле тоска .
A little body often harbours a great soul. В маленьком теле часто таится великая душа. Мал золотник, да дорог. Мала искра, да великий пламень родит. Мал соловей, да голосом велик.
A little fire is quickly trodden out. Маленький огонь легко затоптать. Искру туши до пожара, напасть отводи до удара.
A man can die but once. Умереть человек может лишь один раз. Двум смертям не бывать, а одной не миновать.
A man can do no more than he can. Больше того, что можешь, не сделаешь. Выше головы не прыгнешь. Поперек себя не перепрыгнешь.
A man is known by the company he keeps. Человек узнается по его друзьям. Скажи мне, кто твой друг, и я скажу тебе, кто ты. С кем хлеб - соль водишь, на того и походишь.
A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds.   Противник дел, любитель слов, подобен саду без плодов.
A miserly father makes a prodigal son. У отца-скряги сын может оказаться мотом. Скупые умирают, а дети сундуки открывают. Бывает, что отец копит, а сын деньгами сорит. Отец накопил, а сын раструсил .
A new broom sweeps clean.   Новая метла хорошо метет.
A nod from a lord is a breakfast for a fool. Для дурака кивок лорда, всё равно что завтрак. Дадут дураку честь, так не знает, куда и сесть.
A penny saved is a penny gained. Пенни сбереженное—всё равно что пенни заработанное. Сбережешь, что найдешь. Неистраченные деньги — приобретение.
A penny soul never came to twopence. Копеечная душа никогда не возвышалась до двух копеек. Смысл: Мелочный человек никогда не достигал успеха. Пожалеть алтына — потерять полтину.
A quiet conscience sleeps in thunder. С чистой совестью и в грозу спится. У кого совесть чиста, у того подушка под головой не вертится.
A rolling stone gathers no moss. Катящийся камень мхом не обрастает. Кому на месте не сидится, тот добра не наживет.
A round peg in a square hole. Круглый стержень в квадратной дыре. Пристало, как корове седло.
A shy cat makes a proud mouse. У робкой кошки мышь хвастлива. У робкой кошки мышь резвится.
A silent fool is counted wise. Молчаливый дурак сходит за умника. Молчи — за умного сойдешь.
A small leak will sink a great ship. Малая течь большой корабль ко дну пустит. Невелика болячка, а на тот свет гонит.
A soft answer turns away wrath. Мягкий ответ охлаждает гнев. Покорное слово гнев укрощает. Ласковое слово и ласковый вид и свирепого к рукам приманит. Жесткое слово строптивит, мягкое смиряет .
A storm in a teacup.   Буря в стакане воды.
A tattler is worse than a thief. Болтун хуже вора. Глупость хуже воровства.
A thief knows a thief as a wolf knows a wolf. Вор узнает вора так же, как волк узнает волка. Рыбак рыбака видит издалека.
A thief passes for a gentleman when stealing has made him rich. Когда воровство сделало вора богатым, то он сходит за джентльмена. Деньги не пахнут.
A threatened blow is seldom given. Удар, который угрожают нанести, редко наносят. Кто много грозит, тот мало вредит.
A tree is known by its fruit. Дерево познается по плодам. От яблони яблоко, от ели шишка.
A wager is a fool's argument. Биться об заклад — довод дурака (т. е. когда у дурака нет доводов, он предлагает биться об заклад). Спорь до слез, а об заклад не бейся.
A wise man changes his mind, a fool never will. Умный меняет свое мнение, дурак же — никогда. Упрямство — порок слабого ума. Хоть кол на голове теши, а он всё свое.
A wolf in sheep's clothing.   Волк в овечьей шкуре.
A wonder lasts but nine days. Чудо длится лишь девять дней (т. е. все приедается). Блины, и то надоедают.
A word is enough to the wise. Умному и слова довольно. Умный понимает с полуслова. Умному свистни, а он уже смыслит. Умному — намек, глупому — толчок.
A word spoken is past recalling. Сказанного не воротишь. Слово — не воробей, вылетит — не поймаешь.
Actions speak louder than words. Поступки говорят громче, чем слова. Не по словам судят, а по делам. О человеке судят по его делам.
Adversity is a great schoolmaster. Несчастье — великий учитель. Беда вымучит, беда и научит. Что мучит, то и учит.
Adversity makes strange bedfellows. Нужда сведет человека с кем угодно. В нужде с кем ни поведешься.
After a storm comes a calm. После бури наступает затишье. После грозы — вёдро, после горя — радость. Слезы — что гроза: потекут, да и обсохнут. Серенькое утро — красненький денек.
After dinner comes the reckoning. После обеда приходится платить. Любишь кататься, люби и саночки возить.
After rain comes fair weather. После ненастья наступает хорошая погода. Не всё ненастье, будет и красное солнышко. Не всё ненастье, будет и вёдро.
Agues come on horseback, but go away on foot. Болезни к нам являются верхом, а от нас уходят пешком. Болезнь входит пудами, а выходит золотниками. Беду скоро наживешь, да не скоро выживешь.
All are good lasses, but whence come the bad wives? Все девушки хороши, но откуда же тогда берутся плохие жены? Все невесты хороши, а откуда (отколь) берутся злые жены?
All are not friends that speak us fair. He всяк тот друг, кто нас хвалит. Не всякому другу верь.
All are not hunters that blow the horn. He всяк тот охотник, кто в рог трубит. Не всё, что серо, волк. Не всё то золото, что блестит.
All are not merry that dance lightly. He всяк весел, кто резво пляшет. Не всяк весел, кто поет. Больше те люди шутят, у которых сердце ноет.
All are not saints that go to church.   Не всяк праведник, кто в церковь ходит. Всяк крестится, да не всяк молится.
All asses wag their ears. Все ослы ушами поводят. Смысл: дуракам свойственно принимать глубокомысленный вид. Не в бороде честь, борода и у козла есть. Не всяк умен, кто с головою. Обычай бычий, а ум телячий.
All bread is not baked in one oven. He все хлеба из одной печи. Смысл: люди разные бывают. Не следует всех стричь под одну гребенку.
All cats are grey in the dark (in the night).   Ночью все кошки серы. Ночью все кони вороные.
All covet, all lose. Всё желать, всё потерять. Многого желать, ничего не видать. Многого желать, добра не видать.
All is not lost that is in peril. He всё то потеряно, что на краю гибели. Не всё то падает, что шатается. Ещё тот не наг, что лыком перевязан.
All is well that ends well.   Всё хорошо, что хорошо кончается. Добрый конец всему делу венец.

Скороговорки на английском языке

English tongue twisters
1 Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked.
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,
Where's the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?
2 A quick witted cricket critic.
3 IF IF = THEN THEN THEN = ELSE ELSE ELSE = IF;
4 I saw Susie sitting in a shoe shine shop.
Where she sits she shines, and where she shines she sits.
5 How many boards
Could the Mongols hoard
If the Mongol hordes got bored?
6 How can a clam cram in a clean cream can?
7 Send toast to ten tense stout saints' ten tall tents.
8 Denise sees the fleece,
Denise sees the fleas.
At least Denise could sneeze
and feed and freeze the fleas.
9 Coy knows pseudonoise codes.
10 Sheena leads, Sheila needs.
11 The thirty-three thieves thought that they thrilled the throne throughout Thursday.
12 Something in a thirty-acre thermal thicket of thorns and thistles thumped and thundered threatening the three-D thoughts of Matthew the thug - although, theatrically, it was only the thirteen-thousand thistles and thorns through the underneath of his thigh that the thirty year old thug thought of that morning.
13 Can you can a can as a canner can can a can?
14 Seth at Sainsbury's sells thick socks.
15 You cuss, I cuss, we all cuss, for asparagus!
16 Roberta ran rings around the Roman ruins.
17 Clean clams crammed in clean cans.
18 Six sick hicks nick six slick bricks with picks and sticks.
19 I wish to wish the wish you wish to wish, but if you wish the wish the witch wishes, I won't wish the wish you wish to wish.
20 Stupid superstition!
21 There was a fisherman named Fisher
who fished for some fish in a fissure.
Till a fish with a grin,
pulled the fisherman in.
Now they're fishing the fissure for Fisher.
22 World Wide Web
23 To sit in solemn silence in a dull dark dock
In a pestilential prison with a life long lock
Awaiting the sensation of a short sharp shock
From a cheap and chippy chopper on a big black block.
24 Picky people pick Peter Pan Peanut-Butter, 'tis the peanut-butter picky people pick.
25 If Stu chews shoes, should Stu choose the shoes he chews?
26 Luke's duck likes lakes. Luke Luck licks lakes. Luke's duck licks lakes. Duck takes licks in lakes Luke Luck likes. Luke Luck takes licks in lakes duck likes.
27 Seventy seven benevolent elephants
28 There those thousand thinkers were thinking how did the other three thieves go through.
29 Santa's Short Suit Shrunk
30 I was born on a pirate ship
31 I scream, you scream, we all scream for icecream!
32 Wayne went to Wales to watch walruses.
33 In 'ertford, 'ereford and 'ampshire, 'urricanes 'ardly Hever 'appen.
34 One-one was a race horse.
Two-two was one too.
One-one won one race.
Two-two won one too.
35 Eleven benevolent elephants
36 Celibate celebrant, celibate celebrant, celibate celebrant, ...
37 Willy's real rear wheel
38 If Pickford's packers packed a packet of crisps would the packet of crisps that Pickford's packers packed survive for two and a half years?
39 Six sleek swans swam swiftly southwards
40 Gobbling gorgoyles gobbled gobbling goblins.
41 Did Dick Pickens prick his pinkie pickling cheap cling peaches in an inch of Pinch or framing his famed French finch photos?
42 Pirates Private Property
43 What a terrible tongue twister,
what a terrible tongue twister,
what a terrible tongue twister...
44 When you write copy you have the right to copyright the copy you write.
45 A big black bug bit a big black dog on his big black nose!
46 Elizabeth's birthday is on the third Thursday of this month.
47 Ann and Andy's anniversary is in April.
48 Flash message!
49 Frogfeet, flippers, swimfins.
50 Hassock hassock, black spotted hassock. Black spot on a black back of a black spotted hassock.
51 How many cookies could a good cook cook If a good cook could cook cookies? A good cook could cook as much cookies as a good cook who could cook cookies.
52 How much ground would a groundhog hog, if a groundhog could hog ground? A groundhog would hog all the ground he could hog, if a groundhog could hog ground.
53 How much pot, could a pot roast roast, if a pot roast could roast pot.
54 How much wood could Chuck Woods' woodchuck chuck, if Chuck Woods' woodchuck could and would chuck wood? If Chuck Woods' woodchuck could and would chuck wood, how much wood could and would Chuck Woods' woodchuck chuck? Chuck Woods' woodchuck would chuck, he would, as much as he could, and chuck as much wood as any woodchuck would, if a woodchuck could and would chuck wood.
55 Mary Mac's mother's making Mary Mac marry me.
My mother's making me marry Mary Mac.
Will I always be so Merry when Mary's taking care of me?
Will I always be so merry when I marry Mary Mac?
56 Mr. Tongue Twister tried to train his tongue to twist and turn, and twit an twat, to learn the letter ""T"".
57 Pete's pa pete poked to the pea patch to pick a peck of peas for the poor pink pig in the pine hole pig-pen.
58 She saw Sherif's shoes on the sofa. But was she so sure she saw Sherif's shoes on the sofa?
59 Through three cheese trees three free fleas flew.
While these fleas flew, freezy breeze blew.
Freezy breeze made these three trees freeze.
Freezy trees made these trees' cheese freeze.
That's what made these three free fleas sneeze.
60 Two tried and true tridents
61 rudder valve reversals
62 Birdie birdie in the sky laid a turdie in my eye.
If cows could fly I'd have a cow pie in my eye.
63 How many cans can a cannibal nibble
if a cannibal can nibble cans?
As many cans as a cannibal can nibble
if a cannibal can nibble cans.
64 A twister of twists once twisted a twist;
A twist that he twisted was a three-twisted twist;
If in twisting a twist one twist should untwist,
The untwisted twist would untwist the twist.
65 Thirty-three thirsty, thundering thoroughbreds thumped Mr. Thurber on Thursday.
66 Four furious friends fought for the phone.
67 Plymouth sleuths thwart Luther's slithering.
68 Bobby Bippy bought a bat.
Bobby Bippy bought a ball.
With his bat Bob banged the ball
Banged it bump against the wall
But so boldly Bobby banged it
That he burst his rubber ball
""Boo!"" cried Bobby
Bad luck ball
Bad luck Bobby, bad luck ball
Now to drown his many troubles
Bobby Bippy's blowing bubbles.
69 Black background, brown background.
70 Why do you cry, Willy?
Why do you cry?
Why, Willy?
Why, Willy?
Why, Willy? Why?
71 Very well, very well, very well ...
72 Tie twine to three tree twigs.
73 Rory the warrior and Roger the worrier were reared wrongly in a rural brewery.
74 Mares eat oats and does eat oats,
and little lambs eat ivy.
A Kid will eat ivy too, wouldn't you?
75 Three short sword sheaths.
76 Caution: Wide Right Turns
77 Rolling red wagons
78 Green glass globes glow greenly.
79 Robert Wayne Rutter
80 I stood sadly on the silver steps of Burgess's fish sauce shop, mimicking him hiccuping, and wildly welcoming him within.
81 When I was in Arkansas I saw a saw that could outsaw any other saw I ever saw, saw. If you've got a saw that can outsaw the saw I saw saw then I'd like to see your saw saw.
82 black back bat
83 The queen in green screamed.
84 How many berries could a bare berry carry,
if a bare berry could carry berries?
Well they can't carry berries
(which could make you very wary)
but a bare berry carried is more scary!
85 What did you have for breakfast?
- rubber balls and liquor!
What did you have for lunch?
- rubber balls and liquor!
What did you have for dinner?
- rubber balls and liquor!
86 Snap Crackel pop,
Snap Crackel pop,
Snap Crackel pop
87 Six slimy snails sailed silently.
88 I thought, I thought of thinking of thanking you.
89 Seven slick slimey snakes slowly sliding southward.
90 Red Buick, blue Buick
91 Roofs of mushrooms rarely mush too much.
92 He threw three balls.
93 The great Greek grape growers grow great Greek grapes.
94 Singing Sammy sung songs on sinking sand.
95 We're real rear wheels.
96 Rhys watched Ross switch his Irish wristwatch for a Swiss wristwatch.
97 I wish to wash my Irish wristwatch.
98 Near an ear, a nearer ear, a nearly eerie ear.
99 On a lazy laser raiser lies a laser ray eraser.
100 Scissors sizzle, thistles sizzle.
101 Tom threw Tim three thumbtacks.
102 How much caramel can a canny canonball cram in a camel if a canny canonball can cram caramel in a camel?
103 He threw three free throws.
104 Fresh French fried fly fritters
105 Gig whip, gig whip, gig whip, ...
106 I was born on a pirate ship.
107 2 Y's U R.
2 Y's U B.
I C U R.
2 Y's 4 me!
108 Little Mike left his bike like Tike at Spike's.
109 Eddie edited it.
110 Yellow butter, purple jelly, red jam, black bread.
Spread it thick, say it quick!
Yellow butter, purple jelly, red jam, black bread.
Spread it thicker, say it quicker!
Yellow butter, purple jelly, red jam, black bread.
Don't eat with your mouth full!
111 Wow, race winners really want red wine right away!
112 The ruddy widow really wants ripe watermelon and red roses when winter arrives.
113 I'll chew and chew until my jaws drop.
114 Triple Dickle
115 How many sheets could a sheet slitter slit if a sheet slitter could slit sheets?
116 Supposed to be pistachio,
supposed to be pistachio,
supposed to be pistachio.
117 Chester Cheetah chews a chunk of cheep cheddar cheese.
118 Real rock wall, real rock wall, real rock wall
119 Argyle Gargoyle
120 Peggy Babcock
121 If you're keen on stunning kites and cunning stunts,
buy a cunning stunning stunt kite.
122 Two tiny tigers take two taxis to town.
123 Sounding by sound is a sound method of sounding sounds.
124 Willie's really weary.
125 Yally Bally had a jolly golliwog. Feeling folly, Yally Bally Bought his jolly golli' a dollie made of holly! The golli', feeling jolly, named the holly dollie, Polly. So Yally Bally's jolly golli's holly dollie Polly's also jolly!
126 Out in the pasture the nature watcher watches the catcher. While the catcher watches the pitcher who pitches the balls. Whether the temperature's up or whether the temperature's down, the nature watcher, the catcher and the pitcher are always around. The pitcher pitches, the catcher catches and the watcher watches. So whether the temperature's rises or whether the temperature falls the nature watcher just watches the catcher who's watching the pitcher who's watching the balls.
127 Tommy Tucker tried to tie Tammy's Turtles tie.
128 John, where Peter had had ""had had"", had had ""had"";
""had had"" had had his master's approval.
129 Excited executioner exercising his excising powers excessively.
130 Pail of ale aiding ailing Al's travails.
131 Double bubble gum, bubbles double.
132 If you can't can any candy can,
how many candy cans can a candy canner can
if he can can candy cans ?
133 Octopus ocular optics.
and
A cat snaps a rat's paxwax.
134 This is the sixth zebra snoozing thoroughly.
135 Salty broccoli, salty broccoli, salty broccoli ....
136 I saw Esau kissing Kate.
I saw Esau,  he saw me, and she saw I saw Esau.
137 A slimey snake slithered down the sandy sahara.
138 Suzie Seaword's fish-sauce shop sells unsifted thistles for thistle-sifters to sift.
139 I eat eel while you peel eel
140 Nothing is worth thousands of deaths.
141 Casual clothes are provisional for leisurely trips across Asia.
142 East Fife Four, Forfar Five
143 Roy Wayne
Roy Rogers
Roy Rash
144 Wunwun was a racehorse, Tutu was one too. Wunwun won one race, Tutu won one too.
145 It's not the cough that carries you off,
it's the coffin they carry you off in!
146 She said she should sit.
147 Mo mi mo me send me a toe,
Me me mo mi get me a mole,
Mo mi mo me send me a toe,
Fe me mo mi get me a mole,
Mister kister feet so sweet,
Mister kister where will I eat !?
148 Will you, William? Will you, William? Will you, William?
Can't you, don't you, won't you, William?
149 I wish you were a fish in my dish
150 She stood on the balcony, inexplicably mimicking him hiccuping, and amicably welcoming him in.
151 The big black bug bit the big black bear,
but the big black bear bit the big black bug back!
152 Dust is a disk's worst enemy.
153 I see a sea down by the seashore.
But which sea do you see down by the seashore?
154 Old Mr. Hunt
had a cuddy punt
Not a cuddy punt
but a hunt punt cuddy.
155 As one black bug, bled blue, black blood. The other black bug bled blue.
156 Mommy made me eat my M&Ms.
157 I'm not the fig plucker,
Nor the fig plucker's son,
but I'll pluck your figs
till the fig plucker comes.
158 A gazillion gigantic grapes gushed
gradually giving gophers gooey guts.
159 Aluminum, linoleum, aluminum, linoleum, aluminum, linoleum
160 Thin grippy thick slippery.
161 There once was a two toed, she toad, tree toad,
and a three toed, he toad, tree toad....
162 The sixth sick sheik's sixth sheep's sick
163 The owner of the inside inn was inside his inside inn with his inside outside his inside inn.
164 If you notice this notice,
you will notice that this notice is not worth noticing.
165 If you understand, say ""understand"".
If you don't understand, say ""don't understand"".
But if you understand and say ""don't understand"".
how do I understand that you understand. Understand!?
166 She sees cheese.
167 Brent Spence Bridge
Clay Wade Bailey Bridge
168 Chukotko-Kamchatkan
169 There those thousand thinkers were thinking
where did those other three thieves go through.
170 Five frantic frogs fled from fifty fierce fishes.
171 One smart fellow, he felt smart.
Two smart fellows, they felt smart.
Three smart fellows, they felt smart.
Four smart fellows, they felt smart.
Five smart fellows, they felt smart.
Six smart fellows, they felt smart.
172 Seven sleazy shysters in sharkskin suits sold sheared sealskins to seasick sailors.
173 I would if I could! But I can't, so I won't!
174 But a harder thing still to do. What a to do to die today
At a quarter or two to two.
A terrible difficult thing to say
But a harder thing still to do.
The dragon will come at the beat of the drum
With a rat-a-tat-tat a-tat-tat a-tat-to
At a quarter or two to two today,
At a quarter or two to two.
175 Love's a feeling you feel when you feel
you're going to feel the feeling you've never felt before.
176 Silly sheep weep and sleep.
177 Truly rural, truly rural, truly rural, ...
178 A turbot's not a burbot, for a turbot's a butt, but a burbot's not.
179 I know a boy named Tate
who dined with his girl at eight eight.
I'm unable to state what Tate ate at eight eight
or what Tate's tete a tete ate at eight eight.
180 I saw a saw in Arkansas,
that would outsaw any saw I ever saw,
and if you got a saw
that will outsaw the saw I saw in Arkansas
let me see your saw.
181 The seething sea ceaseth; thus the seething sea sufficeth us.
182 Real weird rear wheels
183 I slit a sheet, a sheet I slit, upon a slitted sheet I sit.
184 A pessimistic pest exists amidst us.
185 Knife and a fork bottle and a cork
that is the way you spell New York. Chicken in the car and the car can go,
that is the way you spell Chicago.
186 Five fuzzy French frogs Frolicked through the fields in France.
187 Two to two to Toulouse?
188 Swatch watch
189 Dr. Johnson and Mr. Johnson, after great consideration, came to the conclusion that the Indian nation beyond the Indian Ocean is back in education because the chief occupation is cultivation.
190 Round and round the rugged rock the ragged rascal ran.
191 Buckets of bug blood, buckets of bug blood, buckets of bug blood
192 I'm a sock cutter and I cut socks.
I'm a sock cutter and I cut socks.
I'm a sock cutter and I cut socks.
193 If coloured caterpillars could change their colours constantly could they keep their coloured coat coloured properly?
194 We won, we won, we won, we won, ...
195 Thirty-three thousand people think that Thursday is their thirtieth birthday.
196 How much ground could a grounghog grind if a groundhog could grind ground?
197 How may saws could a see-saw saw if a see-saw could saw saws?
198 As he gobbled the cakes on his plate,
the greedy ape said as he ate,
the greener green grapes are,
the keener keen apes are
to gobble green grape cakes,
they're great!
199 How much myrtle would a wood turtle hurdle if a wood turtle could hurdle myrtle?
A wood turtle would hurdle as much myrtle as a wood turtle could hurdle if a wood turtle could hurdle myrtle.
200 Shut up the shutters and sit in the shop.
201 Rattle your bottles in Rollocks' van.
202 A fly and flea flew into a flue,
said the fly to the flea 'what shall we do?'
'let us fly' said the flea
said the fly 'shall we flee'
so they flew through a flaw in the flue.
203 How much dew does a dewdrop drop
If dewdrops do drop dew?
They do drop, they do
As do dewdrops drop
If dewdrops do drop dew.
204 If Kantie can tie a tie and untie a tie,
why can't I tie a tie and untie a tie like Kantie can.
205 Bake big batches of bitter brown bread.
206 But she as far surpasseth Sycorax,
As great'st does least.
207 Bake big batches of brown blueberry bread.
208 She sits in her slip and sips Schlitz.
209 Which wristwatch is a Swiss wristwatch?
210 Whoever slit the sheets is a good sheet slitter.
211 Mummies make money.
212 Crush grapes, grapes crush, crush grapes.
213 An elephant was asphyxiated in the asphalt.
214 A black bloke's back brake-block broke.
215 This is a zither.
216 Fresh fried fish,
Fish fresh fried,
Fried fish fresh,
Fish fried fresh.
217 There was a minimum of cinnamon in the aluminum pan.
218 Really leery, rarely Larry.
219 Big black bugs bleed blue black blood but baby black bugs bleed blue blood.
220 Elizabeth has eleven elves in her elm tree.
221 Her whole right hand really hurts.
222 Come, come,
Stay calm, stay calm,
No need for alarm,
It only hums,
It doesn't harm.
223 Tie a knot, tie a knot.
Tie a tight, tight knot.
Tie a knot in the shape of a nought.
224 Red blood, green blood
225 I'm a sheet slitter.
I slit sheets.
I'm the sleekest sheet slitter
that ever slit sheets.
226 Round the rugged rock, the ragged rascal ran.
227 Busy buzzing bumble bees.
228 A lump of red leather, a red leather lump
229 Nat the bat swat at Matt the gnat.
230 I shot the city sheriff.
I shot the city sheriff.
I shot the city sheriff.
231 A lady sees a pot-mender at work at his barrow in the street.
""Are you copper-bottoming them, my man?""
""No, I'm aluminiuming 'em, Mum""
232 I am not a pheasant plucker,
I'm a pheasant plucker's son
but I'll be plucking pheasants
When the pheasant plucker's gone.
233 Suzie, Suzie, working in a shoeshine shop.
All day long she sits and shines,
all day long she shines and sits,
and sits and shines, and shines and sits,
and sits and shines, and shines and sits.
Suzie, Suzie, working in a shoeshine shop. Tommy, Tommy, toiling in a tailor's shop.
All day long he fits and tucks,
all day long he tucks and fits,
and fits and tucks, and tucks and fits,
and fits and tucks, and tucks and fits.
Tommy, Tommy, toiling in a tailor's shop.
234 Preshrunk silk shirts.
235 Craig Quinn's quick trip to Crabtree Creek.
236 Six shining cities, six shining cities, six shining cities.
237 While we were walking, we were watching window washers wash Washington's windows with warm washing water.
238 A big black bear sat on a big black bug.
239 A bloke's bike back brake block broke.
240 Sweet sagacious Sally Sanders said she sure saw seven segregated seaplanes sailing swiftly southward Saturday.
241 Betty Botter bought some butter but she said the butter's bitter. If I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter. So, she bought some better butter, better than the bitter butter and she put it in her batter and her batter was not bitter. So 'twas good that Betty Botter bought some better butter.
242 How much oil boil can a gum boil boil if a gum boil can boil oil?
243 Good blood, bad blood, good blood, bad blood, good blood, bad blood.
244 No nose knows like a gnome's nose knows.
245 Freshly fried fresh flesh
246 There are two minutes difference from four to two to two to two, from two to two to two, too.
247 There once was a man who had a sister, his name was Mr. Fister. Mr. Fister's sister sold sea shells by the sea shore. Mr. Fister didn't sell sea shells, he sold silk sheets. Mr. Fister told his sister that he sold six silk sheets to six shieks. The sister of Mr. Fister said I sold six shells to six shieks too!
248 Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore. But if Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore then where are the sea shells Sally sells?
249 She stood by Burgess's fish sauce shop welcoming him in.
250 Swan swam over the sea.
Swim, swan, swim!
Swan swam back again.
Well swum swan!
251 Sally is a sheet slitter, she slits sheets.
252 She sells sea shells on the sea shore;
The shells that she sells are sea shells I'm sure.
So if she sells sea shells on the sea shore,
I'm sure that the shells are sea shore shells.
253 Tie twine to three tree twigs.
254 You know New York.
You need New York.
You know you need unique New York.
255 What noise annoys an oyster most?
A noisy noise annoys an oyster most.
256 Ripe white wheat reapers reap ripe white wheat right.
257 Blake's black bike's back brake bracket block broke.
258 Each Easter Eddie eats eighty Easter eggs.
259 She slits the sheet she sits on.
260 A rough-coated, dough-faced, thoughtful ploughman strode through the streets of Scarborough; after falling into a slough, he coughed and hiccoughed.
261 A twister of twists once twisted a twist.
and the twist that he twisted was a three twisted twist.
now in twisting this twist, if a twist should untwist,
would the twist that untwisted untwist the twists.
262 Red lolly, yellow lolly.
263 I am a mother pheasant plucker,
I pluck mother pheasants.
I am the best mother pheasant plucker,
that ever plucked a mother pheasant!
264 Mrs Hunt had a country cut front
in the front of her country cut pettycoat.
265 Knapsack strap.
266 John, where Molly had had ""had"", had had ""had had"". ""Had had "" had had the teachers approval
267 Miss Smith's fish-sauce shop seldom sells shellfish.
268 Great gray goats
269 Whether the weather be fine
or whether the weather be not.
Whether the weather be cold
or whether the weather be hot.
We'll weather the weather
whether we like it or not.
270 Sunshine city, sunshine city, sunshine city, ...
271 The batter with the butter is the batter that is better!
272 There's a sandwich on the sand which was sent by a sane witch.
273 How many yaks could a yak pack pack if a yak pack could pack yaks?
274 Twelve twins twirled twelve twigs.
275 If you stick a stock of liquor in your locker
it is slick to stick a lock upon your stock
or some joker who is slicker
is going to trick you of your liquor
if you fail to lock your liquor with a lock.
276 Clowns grow glowing crowns.
277 Can you imagine an imaginary menagerie manager
imagining managing an imaginary menagerie?
278 Sister Suzie sewing shirts for soldiers
Such skill as sewing shirts
Our shy young sister Suzie shows
Some soldiers send epistles
Say they'd rather sleep in thistles
Than the saucy, soft short shirts for soldiers Sister Suzie sews.
279 Red leather, yellow leather, ...
280 Announcement at Victoria Station, London:
Two to two to Tooting too!
281 Richard's wretched ratchet wrench.
282 Rugged rubber baby buggy bumpers.
283 Betty Botter bought some butter but, said she, the butter's bitter.
If I put it in my batter, it will make my batter bitter.
But a bit of better butter will make my bitter batter better.
So she bought some better butter, better than the bitter butter,
put it in her bitter batter, made her bitter batter better.
So 'twas better Betty Botter bought some better butter.
284 A box of biscuits,
a box of mixed biscuits,
and a biscuit mixer.
285 When a doctor doctors a doctor,
does the doctor doing the doctoring
doctor as the doctor being doctored wants to be doctored or
does the doctor doing the doctoring doctor as he wants to doctor?
286 What to do to die today at a minute or two to two. A terribly difficult thing to say and a harder thing to do. A dragon will come and beat his drum Ra-ta-ta-ta-ta-ta-ta-ta-too at a minute or two to two today.  At a minute or two to two.
287 If two witches would watch two watches, which witch would watch which watch?
288 The soldier's shoulder surely hurts!
289 She sees seas slapping shores.
290 A loyal warrior will rarely worry why we rule.
291 Greek grapes.
292 Mr. See owned a saw and Mr Soar owned a seesaw.
Now See's saw sawed Soar's seesaw before Soar saw See.
293 Six sick sea-serpents swam the seven seas.
294 There was a little witch which switched from Chichester to Ipswich.
295 A proper cup of coffee from a proper copper coffee pot.
296 Never trouble about trouble until trouble troubles you!
297 Theophilus Thadeus Thistledown, the succesful thistle-sifter, while sifting a sieve-full of unsifted thistles, thrust three thousand thistles through the thick of his thumb. Now, if Theophilus Thadeus Thistledown, the succesful thistle-sifter, thrust three thousand thistles through the thick of his thumb, see that thou, while sifting a sieve-full of unsifted thistles, thrust not three thousand thistles through the thick of thy thumb.
298 Shoe section, shoe section, shoe section, ...
299 A smart fella, a fella smart.
It takes a smart fella to say a fella smart.
300 She is a thistle-sifter. She has a sieve of unsifted thistles and a sieve of sifted thistles and the sieve of unsifted thistles she sifts into the sieve of sifted thistles because she is a thistle-sifter.
301 Admidst the mists and coldest frosts,
With stoutest wrists and loudest boasts,
He thrusts his fists against the posts,
And still insists he sees the ghosts.
302 Fuzzy Wuzzy was a bear,
Fuzzy Wuzzy had no hair,
Fuzzy Wuzzy wasn't very fuzzy,
was he?
303 Blue glue gun, green glue gun.
304 Betty bought some butter,
but the butter Betty bought was bitter,
so Betty bought some better butter,
and the better butter Betty bought
was better than the bitter butter Betty bought before!
305 Toy boat, toy boat, toy boat, ...
306 Mallory's hourly salary.
307 I slit a sheet, a sheet I slit, and on that slitted sheet I sit.
308 Don't spring on the inner-spring this spring or there will be an offspring next spring.
309 A flea and a fly in a flue,
were imprisoned. So what could they do?
Said the fly, ""Let us flee"".
Said the flea, ""Let us fly"".
So they flew through a flaw in the flue.
310 King Thistle stuck a thousand thistles in the thistle of his thumb.
A thousand thistles King Thistle stuck in the thistle of his thumb.
If King Thistle stuck a thousand thistles in the thistle of his thumb,
How many thistles did King Thistle stick in the thistle of his thumb?
311 Five fat friars frying flat fish.
312 The bottle of perfume that Willy sent
was highly displeasing to Millicent.
Her thanks were so cold
that they quarreled, I'm told
o'er that silly scent Willy sent Millicent
313 Esau Wood sawed wood. All the wood Esau Wood saw, Esau Wood would saw. All the wood Wood saw, Esau sought to saw. One day Esau Wood's wood-saw would saw no wood. So Esau Wood sought a new wood-saw. The new wood-saw would saw wood. Oh, the wood Esau Wood would saw. Esau sought a saw that would saw wood as no other wood-saw would saw. And Esau found a saw that would saw as no other wood-saw would saw. And Esau Wood sawed wood.
314 Betty bought some bitter butter
and it made her batter bitter,
so Betty bought some better butter
to make her bitter batter better.
315 A skunk sat on a stump and thunk the stump stunk,
but the stump thunk the skunk stunk.
316 I'm not the fig plucker,
nor the fig pluckers' son,
but I'll pluck figs
Till the fig plucker comes.
317 Extinct insects' instincts, extant insects' instincts.
318 The sixth sheik's sixth sheep 's sick.
319 Sweater weather, leather weather.
320 One black beetle bled only black blood, the other black beetle bled blue.
321 The big black bug's blood ran blue.
322 I am not the pheasant plucker,
I'm the pheasant plucker's mate.
I am only plucking pheasants
'cause the pheasant plucker's running late.
323 Ed Nott was shot and Sam Shott was not. So it is better to be Shott than Nott. Some say Nott was not shot. But Shott says he shot Nott. Either the shot Shott shot at Nott was not shot, or Nott was shot. If the shot Shott shot shot Nott, Nott was shot. But if the shot Shott shot shot Shott, the shot was Shott, not Nott. However, the shot Shott shot shot not Shott - but Nott. So, Ed Nott was shot and that's hot! Is it not?
324 We will learn why her lowly lone, worn yarn loom will rarely earn immoral money.
325 Unique New York, unique New York, unique New York, ...
326 If Dr. Seuss Were a Technical Writer..... Here's an easy game to play.
Here's an easy thing to say: If a packet hits a pocket on a socket on a port,
And the bus is interrupted as a very last resort,
And the address of the memory makes your floppy disk abort,
Then the socket packet pocket has an error to report! If your cursor finds a menu item followed by a dash,
And the double-clicking icon puts your window in the trash,
And your data is corrupted 'cause the index doesn't hash,
then your situation's hopeless, and your system's gonna crash! You can't say this?  What a shame, sir!
We'll find you another game, sir. If the label on the cable on the table at your house,
Says the network is connected to the button on your mouse,
But your packets want to tunnel on another protocol,
That's repeatedly rejected by the printer down the hall,
And your screen is all distorted by the side effects of gauss,
So your icons in the window are as wavy as a souse,
Then you may as well reboot and go out with a bang,
'Cause as sure as I'm a poet, the sucker's gonna hang! When the copy of your floppy's getting sloppy on the disk,
And the microcode instructions cause unnecessary risk,
Then you have to flash your memory and you'll want to ram your rom.
Quickly turn off the computer and be sure to tell your mom!
327 Picky people pick Peter Pan Peanut Butter.
Peter Pan Peanut is the peanut picky people pick.
328 Ray Rag ran across a rough road.
Across a rough road Ray Rag ran.
Where is the rough road Ray Rag ran across?
329 Elmer Arnold
330 A Tudor who tooted the flute
tried to tutor two tooters to toot.
Said the two to the tutor,
""Is it harder to toot or
to tutor two tooters to toot?""
331 Mrs Puggy Wuggy has a square cut punt.
Not a punt cut square,
Just a square cut punt.
It's round in the stern and blunt in the front.
Mrs Puggy Wuggy has a square cut punt.
332 Tim, the thin twin tinsmith.
333 Thin sticks, thick bricks
334 Red lorry, yellow lorry.
335 A big black bug bit a big black bear and made the big black bear bleed blood.
336 How much wood would a woodchuck chuck
if a wooodchuck could chuck wood?
A woodchuck would chuck all the wood
a woodchuck could chuck
if a woodchuck could chuck wood.
337 Larry Hurley, a burly squirrel hurler, hurled a furry squirrel through a curly grill.
338 Six twin screwed steel steam cruisers.
339 A nurse anesthetist unearthed a nest.
340 How much sh*t can a sh*t slinger sling
If a sh*t slinger could sling sh*t?
He'd sling as much sh*t as a sh*t slinger could
If a sh*t slinger could sling sh*t!
341 I thought a thought.
But the thought I thought wasn't the thought I thought I thought.
If the thought I thought I thought had been the thought I thought,
I wouldn't have thought so much.
342 She sells sea shells on the seashore.
The seashells she sells are seashells she is sure.
343 From the programmer's desk:
She sells cshs by the C shore.
344 A noise annoys an oyster, but a noisy noise annoys an oyster more!
345 Plain bun, plum bun, bun without plum.
346 There was a young man called Fisher
who was fishing for fish in a fissure.
Then a cod with a grin
pulled the fisherman in.
Now they're searching the fissure for Fisher.
347 Slick slim slippers sliding south.
348 The Leith police dismisseth us
They thought we sought to stay;
The Leith police dismisseth us
They thought we'd stay all day.
The Leith police dismisseth us,
We both sighed sighs apiece;
And the sighs that we sighed as we said goodbye
Were the size of the Leith police.
349 Ah shucks, six stick shifts stuck shut!
350 Meter maid Mary married manly Matthew Marcus Mayo,
a moody male mailman moving mostly metered mail.
351 The king would sing, about a ring that would go ding.
352 How much dough would Bob Dole dole
if Bob Dole could dole dough?
Bob Dole would dole as much dough
as Bob Dole could dole,
if Bob Dole could dole dough.
353 People pledging plenty of pennies.
354 Mares eat oats and does eat oats, but little lambs eat ivy.
355 To begin to toboggan first, buy a toboggan.
But do not buy too big a toboggan!
Too big a toboggan is too big a toboggan to buy to begin to toboggan.
356 Courtney Dworkin
357 Switch watch, wrist watch.
358 Six thick thistle sticks.
359 Black bug's blood
360 Moses supposes his toeses are roses,
but Moses supposes erroneously.
For Moses, he knowses his toeses aren't roses,
as Moses supposes his toeses to be.
361 I wish I were what I was when I wished I were what I am.
362 She sells seashells on the seashore. The seashells she sells are seashore seashells.
363 Irish wristwatch
364 She had shoulder surgery.
365 To put a pipe in byte mode, type PIPE_TYPE_BYTE.
366 Three Tree Turtles Three tree turtles took turns talking tongue twisters.
If three tree turtles took turns talking tongue twisters,
where's the twisters the three tree turtles talked?
367 My Friend Gladys Oh, the sadness of her sadness when she's sad.
Oh, the gladness of her gladness when she's glad.
But the sadness of her sadness,
and the gladness of her gladness,
Are nothing like her madness when she's mad!
368 I would if I could, and if I couldn't, how could I?
You couldn't, unless you could, could you?
369 real rear wheel
370 National Sheepshire Sheep Association
371 The crow flew over the river with a lump of raw liver.
372 The little red lorry went down Limuru road.
373 Flies fly but a fly flies.
374 Did Doug dig Dick's garden or did Dick dig Doug's garden?
375 If a Hottentot taught a Hottentot tot to talk ere the tot could totter, ought the Hottentot tot be taught to say ought or naught or what ought to be taught 'er?
376 How many cans can a canner can if a canner can can cans? A canner can can as many cans as a canner can if a canner can can cans.
377 No need to light a night light on a light night like tonight.
378 Two dozen double damask dinner napkins
379 The cat crept into the crypt, crapped and crept out.
380 Blended baby blue bug's blood blotches.

Цитаты знаменитостей на английском языке

Цитаты знаменитых людей Авторство
"Moral indignation is jealousy with a halo." H. G. Wells
"Glory is fleeting, but obscurity is forever." Napoleon Bonaparte
"Victory goes to the player who makes the next-to-last mistake." Chessmaster Savielly Grigorievitch Tartakower
"Don't be so humble - you are not that great." Golda Meir to a visiting diplomat
"His ignorance is encyclopedic" Abba Eban
"If a man does his best, what else is there?" General George S. Patton
"Political correctness is tyranny with manners." Charlton Heston
"I can write better than anybody who can write faster, and I can write faster than anybody who can write better." A. J. Liebling
"People demand freedom of speech to make up for the freedom of thought which they avoid." Soren Aabye Kierkegaard
"Give me chastity and continence, but not yet." Saint Augustine
"Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted." Albert Einstein
"Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I'm not sure about the former." Albert Einstein
"A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on." Sir Winston Churchill
"I do not feel obliged to believe that the same God who has endowed us with sense, reason, and intellect has intended us to forgo their use." Galileo Galilei
"The artist is nothing without the gift, but the gift is nothing without work." Emile Zola
"This book fills a much-needed gap." Moses Hadas
"The full use of your powers along lines of excellence." John F. Kennedy
"Give me a museum and I'll fill it." Pablo Picasso
"Assassins!" Arturo Toscanini to his orchestra
"I'll moider da bum." Heavyweight boxer Tony Galento, when asked what he thought of William Shakespeare
"In theory, there is no difference between theory and practice. But in practice, there is." Yogi Berra
"I find that the harder I work, the more luck I seem to have." Thomas Jefferson
"Each problem that I solved became a rule which served afterwards to solve other problems." Rene Descartes, "Discours de la Methode"
"In the End, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends." Martin Luther King Jr.
"Whether you think that you can, or that you can't, you are usually right." Henry Ford
"Do, or do not. There is no 'try'." Yoda
"The only way to get rid of a temptation is to yield to it." Oscar Wilde
"Don't stay in bed, unless you can make money in bed." George Burns
"I don't know why we are here, but I'm pretty sure that it is not in order to enjoy ourselves." Ludwig Wittgenstein
"There are no facts, only interpretations." Friedrich Nietzsche
"Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity." Martin Luther King Jr.
"The use of COBOL cripples the mind; its teaching should, therefore, be regarded as a criminal offense." Edsgar Dijkstra
"C makes it easy to shoot yourself in the foot; C++ makes it harder, but when you do, it blows away your whole leg." Bjarne Stroustrup
"A mathematician is a device for turning coffee into theorems." Paul Erdos
"Problems worthy of attack prove their worth by fighting back." Paul Erdos
"Try to learn something about everything and everything about something." Thomas Henry Huxley
"Dancing is silent poetry." Simonides
"The only difference between me and a madman is that I'm not mad." Salvador Dali
"If you can't get rid of the skeleton in your closet, you'd best teach it to dance." George Bernard Shaw
"But at my back I always hear Time's winged chariot hurrying near." Andrew Marvell
"Good people do not need laws to tell them to act responsibly, while bad people will find a way around the laws." Plato
"The power of accurate observation is frequently called cynicism by those who don't have it." George Bernard Shaw
"Whenever I climb I am followed by a dog called 'Ego'." Friedrich Nietzsche
"Everybody pities the weak; jealousy you have to earn." Arnold Schwarzenegger
"Against stupidity, the gods themselves contend in vain." Friedrich von Schiller
"We have art to save ourselves from the truth." Friedrich Nietzsche
"Never interrupt your enemy when he is making a mistake." Napoleon Bonaparte
"I think 'Hail to the Chief' has a nice ring to it." John F. Kennedy when asked what is his favorite song
"I have nothing to declare except my genius." Oscar Wilde upon arriving at U.S. customs 1882
"Human history becomes more and more a race between education and catastrophe." H. G. Wells
"Talent does what it can; genius does what it must." Edward George Bulwer-Lytton
"Women might be able to fake orgasms. But men can fake a whole relationship." Sharon Stone
"If you are going through hell, keep going." Sir Winston Churchill
"He who has a 'why' to live, can bear with almost any 'how'." Friedrich Nietzsche
"Many wealthy people are little more than janitors of their possessions." Frank Lloyd Wright
"I'm all in favor of keeping dangerous weapons out of the hands of fools. Let's start with typewriters." Frank Lloyd Wright
"Some cause happiness wherever they go; others, whenever they go." Oscar Wilde
"God is a comedian playing to an audience too afraid to laugh." Voltaire
"He is one of those people who would be enormously improved by death." H. H. Munro (Saki)
"I am ready to meet my Maker. Whether my Maker is prepared for the great ordeal of meeting me is another matter." Sir Winston Churchill
"I shall not waste my days in trying to prolong them." Ian L. Fleming
"If you can count your money, you don't have a billion dollars." J. Paul Getty
"Facts are the enemy of truth." Don Quixote - "Man of La Mancha"
"When you do the common things in life in an uncommon way, you will command the attention of the world." George Washington Carver
"How wrong it is for a woman to expect the man to build the world she wants, rather than to create it herself." Anais Nin
"I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work." Thomas Alva Edison
"I begin by taking. I shall find scholars later to demonstrate my perfect right." Frederick the Great
"Maybe this world is another planet's Hell." Aldous Huxley
"Blessed is the man, who having nothing to say, abstains from giving wordy evidence of the fact." George Eliot
"Once you eliminate the impossible, whatever remains, no matter how improbable, must be the truth." Sherlock Holmes
"Black holes are where God divided by zero." Steven Wright
"I've had a wonderful time, but this wasn't it." Groucho Marx
"It's kind of fun to do the impossible." Walt Disney
"We didn't lose the game; we just ran out of time." Vince Lombardi
"The optimist proclaims that we live in the best of all possible worlds, and the pessimist fears this is true." James Branch Cabell
"A friendship founded on business is better than a business founded on friendship." John D. Rockefeller
"All are lunatics, but he who can analyze his delusion is called a philosopher." Ambrose Bierce
"You can only find truth with logic if you have already found truth without it." Gilbert Keith Chesterton
"An inconvenience is only an adventure wrongly considered; an adventure is an inconvenience rightly considered." Gilbert Keith Chesterton
"I have come to believe that the whole world is an enigma, a harmless enigma that is made terrible by our own mad attempt to interpret it as though it had an underlying truth." Umberto Eco
"Be nice to people on your way up because you meet them on your way down." Jimmy Durante
"The true measure of a man is how he treats someone who can do him absolutely no good." Samuel Johnson
"A people that values its privileges above its principles soon loses both." Dwight D. Eisenhower, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1953
"The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them." Albert Einstein
"Basically, I no longer work for anything but the sensation I have while working." Albert Giacometti
"There's a limit to how many times you can read how great you are and what an inspiration you are, but I'm not there yet." Randy Pausch
"It is far better to grasp the Universe as it really is than to persist in delusion, however satisfying and reassuring." Carl Sagan
"All truth passes through three stages. First, it is ridiculed. Second, it is violently opposed. Third, it is accepted as being self-evident." Arthur Schopenhauer
"Many a man's reputation would not know his character if they met on the street." Elbert Hubbard
"There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life." Frank Zappa
"Perfection is achieved, not when there is nothing more to add, but when there is nothing left to take away." Antoine de Saint Exupery
"Life is pleasant. Death is peaceful. It's the transition that's troublesome." Isaac Asimov
"If you want to make an apple pie from scratch, you must first create the universe." Carl Sagan
"It is much more comfortable to be mad and know it, than to be sane and have one's doubts." G. B. Burgin
"Once is happenstance. Twice is coincidence. Three times is enemy action." Auric Goldfinger, in "Goldfinger" by Ian L. Fleming
"To love oneself is the beginning of a lifelong romance" Oscar Wilde
"Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens." Jimi Hendrix
"A clever man commits no minor blunders." Goethe
"Argue for your limitations, and sure enough they're yours." Richard Bach
"A witty saying proves nothing." Voltaire
"Sleep is an excellent way of listening to an opera." James Stephens
"The nice thing about being a celebrity is that if you bore people they think it's their fault." Henry Kissinger
"Education is a progressive discovery of our own ignorance." Will Durant
"I have often regretted my speech, never my silence." Xenocrates
"It was the experience of mystery -- even if mixed with fear -- that engendered religion." Albert Einstein
"If everything seems under control, you're just not going fast enough." Mario Andretti
"I do not consider it an insult, but rather a compliment to be called an agnostic. I do not pretend to know where many ignorant men are sure -- that is all that agnosticism means." Clarence Darrow, Scopes trial, 1925.
"Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take your eyes off your goal." Henry Ford
"I'll sleep when I'm dead." Warren Zevon
"There are people in the world so hungry, that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread." Mahatma Gandhi
"When you gaze long into the abyss, the abyss also gazes into you." Friedrich Nietzsche
"The instinct of nearly all societies is to lock up anybody who is truly free. First, society begins by trying to beat you up. If this fails, they try to poison you. If this fails too, they finish by loading honors on your head." Jean Cocteau
"Everyone is a genius at least once a year; a real genius has his original ideas closer together." Georg Lichtenberg
"Success usually comes to those who are too busy to be looking for it" Henry David Thoreau
"While we are postponing, life speeds by." Seneca
"Where are we going, and why am I in this handbasket?" Bumper Sticker
"God, please save me from your followers!" Bumper Sticker
"Fill what's empty, empty what's full, and scratch where it itches." the Duchess of Windsor, when asked what is the secret of a long and happy life
"First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win." Mahatma Gandhi
"Luck is the residue of design." Branch Rickey - former owner of the Brooklyn Dodger Baseball Team
"Tragedy is when I cut my finger. Comedy is when you walk into an open sewer and die." Mel Brooks
"Most people would sooner die than think; in fact, they do so." Bertrand Russell
"Wit is educated insolence." Aristotle
"My advice to you is get married: if you find a good wife you'll be happy; if not, you'll become a philosopher." Socrates
"Egotist: a person more interested in himself than in me." Ambrose Bierce
"A narcissist is someone better looking than you are." Gore Vidal
"Wise men make proverbs, but fools repeat them." Samuel Palmer
"It has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity." Albert Einstein
"The secret of success is to know something nobody else knows." Aristotle Onassis
"Sometimes when reading Goethe I have the paralyzing suspicion that he is trying to be funny." Guy Davenport
"When you have to kill a man, it costs nothing to be polite." Sir Winston Churchill
"Any man who is under 30, and is not a liberal, has not heart; and any man who is over 30, and is not a conservative, has no brains." Sir Winston Churchill
"The opposite of a correct statement is a false statement. The opposite of a profound truth may well be another profound truth." Niels Bohr
"We all agree that your theory is crazy, but is it crazy enough?" Niels Bohr
"When I am working on a problem I never think about beauty. I only think about how to solve the problem. But when I have finished, if the solution is not beautiful, I know it is wrong." Buckminster Fuller
"In science one tries to tell people, in such a way as to be understood by everyone, something that no one ever knew before. But in poetry, it's the exact opposite." Paul Dirac
"I would have made a good Pope." Richard M. Nixon
"In any contest between power and patience, bet on patience." W.B. Prescott
"Anyone who considers arithmetical methods of producing random digits is, of course, in a state of sin." John von Neumann
"The mistakes are all waiting to be made." Chessmaster Savielly Grigorievitch Tartakower on the game's opening position
"It is unbecoming for young men to utter maxims." Aristotle
"Grove giveth and Gates taketh away." Bob Metcalfe on the trend of hardware speedups not being able to keep up with software demands
"Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one." Albert Einstein
"One of the symptoms of an approaching nervous breakdown is the belief that one's work is terribly important." Bertrand Russell
"A little inaccuracy sometimes saves a ton of explanation." H. H. Munro (Saki)
"There are two ways of constructing a software design; one way is to make it so simple that there are obviously no deficiencies, and the other way is to make it so complicated that there are no obvious deficiencies. The first method is far more difficult." C. A. R. Hoare
"Make everything as simple as possible, but not simpler." Albert Einstein
"What do you take me for, an idiot?" General Charles de Gaulle, when a journalist asked him if he was happy
"I heard someone tried the monkeys-on-typewriters bit trying for the plays of W. Shakespeare, but all they got was the collected works of Francis Bacon." Bill Hirst
"Three o'clock is always too late or too early for anything you want to do." Jean-Paul Sartre
"A doctor can bury his mistakes but an architect can only advise his clients to plant vines." Frank Lloyd Wright
"It is dangerous to be sincere unless you are also stupid." George Bernard Shaw
"If you haven't got anything nice to say about anybody, come sit next to me." Alice Roosevelt Longworth
"A man can't be too careful in the choice of his enemies." Oscar Wilde
"Forgive your enemies, but never forget their names." John F. Kennedy
"Logic is in the eye of the logician." Gloria Steinem
"No one can earn a million dollars honestly." William Jennings Bryan
"Everything has been figured out, except how to live." Jean-Paul Sartre
"Well-timed silence hath more eloquence than speech." Martin Fraquhar Tupper
"Thank you for sending me a copy of your book - I'll waste no time reading it." Moses Hadas
"From the moment I picked your book up until I laid it down I was convulsed with laughter. Some day I intend reading it." Groucho Marx
"It is better to have a permanent income than to be fascinating." Oscar Wilde
"When ideas fail, words come in very handy." Goethe
"In the end, everything is a gag." Charlie Chaplin
"The nice thing about egotists is that they don't talk about other people." Lucille S. Harper
"You got to be careful if you don't know where you're going, because you might not get there." Yogi Berra
"I love Mickey Mouse more than any woman I have ever known." Walt Disney
"He who hesitates is a damned fool." Mae West
"Good teaching is one-fourth preparation and three-fourths theater." Gail Godwin
"University politics are vicious precisely because the stakes are so small." Henry Kissinger
"The graveyards are full of indispensable men." Charles de Gaulle
"You can pretend to be serious; you can't pretend to be witty." Sacha Guitry
"Behind every great fortune there is a crime." Honore de Balzac
"If women didn't exist, all the money in the world would have no meaning." Aristotle Onassis
"I am not young enough to know everything." Oscar Wilde
"Bigamy is having one wife too many. Monogamy is the same." Oscar Wilde
"The object of war is not to die for your country but to make the other bastard die for his." General George Patton
"Sometimes a scream is better than a thesis." Ralph Waldo Emerson
"There is no sincerer love than the love of food." George Bernard Shaw
"I don't even butter my bread; I consider that cooking." Katherine Cebrian
"I have an existential map; it has 'you are here' written all over it." Steven Wright
"Mr. Wagner has beautiful moments but bad quarters of an hour." Gioacchino Rossini
"Manuscript: something submitted in haste and returned at leisure." Oliver Herford
"I have read your book and much like it." Moses Hadas
"The covers of this book are too far apart." Ambrose Bierce
"Everywhere I go I'm asked if I think the university stifles writers. My opinion is that they don't stifle enough of them." Flannery O'Connor
"Too many pieces of music finish too long after the end." Igor Stravinsky
"Anything that is too stupid to be spoken is sung." Voltaire
"When choosing between two evils, I always like to try the one I've never tried before." Mae West
"I don't know anything about music. In my line you don't have to." Elvis Presley
"No Sane man will dance." Cicero
"Hell is a half-filled auditorium." Robert Frost
"Show me a sane man and I will cure him for you." Carl Gustav Jung
"Vote early and vote often." Al Capone
"If I were two-faced, would I be wearing this one?" Abraham Lincoln
"Few things are harder to put up with than a good example." Mark Twain
"Hell is other people." Jean-Paul Sartre
"Now I am become death, the destroyer of worlds." Robert J. Oppenheimer (1904-1967)
"Happiness is good health and a bad memory." Ingrid Bergman
"Friends may come and go, but enemies accumulate." Thomas Jones
"You can get more with a kind word and a gun than you can with a kind word alone." Al Capone
"The gods too are fond of a joke." Aristotle
"Distrust any enterprise that requires new clothes." Henry David Thoreau
"The difference between pornography and erotica is lighting." Gloria Leonard
"It is time I stepped aside for a less experienced and less able man." Professor Scott Elledge on his retirement from Cornell
"Every day I get up and look through the Forbes list of the richest people in America. If I'm not there, I go to work." Robert Orben
"The cynics are right nine times out of ten." Henry Louis Mencken
"There are some experiences in life which should not be demanded twice from any man, and one of them is listening to the Brahms Requiem." George Bernard Shaw
"And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him." Revelation 6:8
"Attention to health is life's greatest hindrance." Plato
"Men are not disturbed by things, but the view they take of things." Epictetus
"What about things like bullets?" Herb Kimmel, Behavioralist, Professor of Psychology, upon hearing the above quote
"How can I lose to such an idiot?" A shout from chessmaster Aaron Nimzovich
"Not only is there no God, but try finding a plumber on Sunday." Woody Allen
"I don't feel good." The last words of Luther Burbank
"Nothing is wrong with California that a rise in the ocean level wouldn't cure." Ross MacDonald
"Men have become the tools of their tools." Henry David Thoreau
"I have never let my schooling interfere with my education." Mark Twain
"It is now possible for a flight attendant to get a pilot pregnant." Richard J. Ferris, president of United Airlines
"I never miss a chance to have sex or appear on television." Gore Vidal
"I don't want to achieve immortality through my work; I want to achieve immortality through not dying." Woody Allen
"Men and nations behave wisely once they have exhausted all the other alternatives." Abba Eban
"A consensus means that everyone agrees to say collectively what no one believes individually." Abba Eban
"To sit alone with my conscience will be judgment enough for me." Charles William Stubbs
"Sanity is a madness put to good uses." George Santayana
"Imitation is the sincerest form of television." Fred Allen
"Always do right- this will gratify some and astonish the rest." Mark Twain
"In America, anybody can be president. That's one of the risks you take." Adlai Stevenson
"Copy from one, it's plagiarism; copy from two, it's research." Wilson Mizner
"Why don't you write books people can read?" Nora Joyce to her husband James
"Some editors are failed writers, but so are most writers." T. S. Eliot
"Criticism is prejudice made plausible." Henry Louis Mencken
"It is better to be quotable than to be honest." Tom Stoppard
"Being on the tightrope is living; everything else is waiting." Karl Wallenda
"Opportunities multiply as they are seized." Sun Tzu
"A scholar who cherishes the love of comfort is not fit to be deemed a scholar." Lao-Tzu
" The best way to predict the future is to invent it." Alan Kay
"Never mistake motion for action." Ernest Hemingway
"I contend that we are both atheists. I just believe in one fewer god than you do. When you understand why you dismiss all the other possible gods, you will understand why I dismiss yours." Sir Stephen Henry Roberts
"Hell is paved with good samaritans." William M. Holden
"The longer I live the more I see that I am never wrong about anything, and that all the pains that I have so humbly taken to verify my notions have only wasted my time." George Bernard Shaw
"Silence is argument carried out by other means." Ernesto"Che"Guevara
"Well done is better than well said." Benjamin Franklin
"The average person thinks he isn't." Father Larry Lorenzoni
"Heav'n hath no rage like love to hatred turn'd, Nor Hell a fury, like a woman scorn'd." William Congreve
"A husband is what is left of the lover after the nerve has been extracted." Helen Rowland
"Learning is what most adults will do for a living in the 21st century." Lewis Perelman
"Dogma is the sacrifice of wisdom to consistency." Lewis Perelman
"Sometimes it is not enough to do our best; we must do what is required." Sir Winston Churchill
"The man who goes alone can start today; but he who travels with another must wait till that other is ready." Henry David Thoreau
"There is a country in Europe where multiple-choice tests are illegal." Sigfried Hulzer
"Ask her to wait a moment - I am almost done." Carl Friedrich Gauss, while working, when informed that his wife is dying
"A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty." Sir Winston Churchill
"I think there is a world market for maybe five computers." Thomas Watson, Chairman of IBM, 1943
"I think it would be a good idea." Mahatma Gandhi, when asked what he thought of Western civilization
"The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing." Edmund Burke
"I'm not a member of any organized political party, I'm a Democrat!" Will Rogers
"If stupidity got us into this mess, then why can't it get us out?" " Will Rogers
"The backbone of surprise is fusing speed with secrecy." Von Clausewitz
"Democracy does not guarantee equality of conditions - it only guarantees equality of opportunity." Irving Kristol
"There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." Ken Olson, president, chairman and founder of Digital Equipment Corp., 1977
"The concept is interesting and well-formed, but in order to earn better than a 'C', the idea must be feasible." A Yale University management professor in response to student Fred Smith's paper proposing reliable overnight delivery service
"Who the hell wants to hear actors talk?" H. M. Warner, founder of Warner Brothers, in 1927
"We don't like their sound, and guitar music is on the way out." Decca Recording Co. rejecting the Beatles, 1962
"Everything that can be invented has been invented." Charles H. Duell, Commissioner, U.S. Office of Patents, 1899
"Denial ain't just a river in Egypt." Mark Twain
"A pint of sweat saves a gallon of blood." General George S. Patton
"After I'm dead I'd rather have people ask why I have no monument than why I have one." Cato the Elder
"He can compress the most words into the smallest idea of any man I know." Abraham Lincoln
"Don't let it end like this. Tell them I said something." Last words of Pancho Villa
"The right to swing my fist ends where the other man's nose begins." Oliver Wendell Holmes
"The difference between fiction and reality? Fiction has to make sense." Tom Clancy
"It's not the size of the dog in the fight, it's the size of the fight in the dog." Mark Twain
"It is better to be feared than loved, if you cannot be both." Niccolo Machiavelli, "The Prince"
"Whatever is begun in anger ends in shame." Benjamin Franklin
"The President has kept all of the promises he intended to keep." Clinton aide George Stephanopolous speaking on Larry King Live
"We're going to turn this team around 360 degrees." Jason Kidd, upon his drafting to the Dallas Mavericks
"Half this game is ninety percent mental." Yogi Berra
"There is only one nature - the division into science and engineering is a human imposition, not a natural one. Indeed, the division is a human failure; it reflects our limited capacity to comprehend the whole." Bill Wulf
"There's many a bestseller that could have been prevented by a good teacher." Flannery O'Connor
"He has all the virtues I dislike and none of the vices I admire." Sir Winston Churchill
"I criticize by creation - not by finding fault." Cicero
"Love is friendship set on fire." Jeremy Taylor
"God gave men both a penis and a brain, but unfortunately not enough blood supply to run both at the same time." Robin Williams, commenting on the Clinton/Lewinsky affair
"My occupation now, I suppose, is jail inmate." Unibomber Theodore Kaczynski, when asked in court what his current profession was
"Woman was God's second mistake." Friedrich Nietzsche
"This isn't right, this isn't even wrong." Wolfgang Pauli, upon reading a young physicist's paper
"For centuries, theologians have been explaining the unknowable in terms of the-not-worth-knowing." Henry Louis Mencken
"Pray, v.: To ask that the laws of the universe be annulled on behalf of a single petitioner confessedly unworthy." Ambrose Bierce
"Every normal man must be tempted at times to spit upon his hands, hoist the black flag, and begin slitting throats." Henry Louis Mencken
"Now, now my good man, this is no time for making enemies." Voltaire on his deathbed in response to a priest asking that he renounce Satan.
"Fill the unforgiving minute with sixty seconds worth of distance run." Rudyard Kipling
"He would make a lovely corpse." Charles Dickens
"I've just learned about his illness. Let's hope it's nothing trivial." Irvin S. Cobb
"I worship the quicksand he walks in." Art Buchwald
"Wagner's music is better than it sounds." Mark Twain
"A poem is never finished, only abandoned." Paul Valery
"We are not retreating - we are advancing in another Direction." General Douglas MacArthur
"If you were plowing a field, which would you rather use? Two strong oxen or 1024 chickens?" Seymour Cray, father of supercomputing
"#3 pencils and quadrille pads." Seymoure Cray when asked what CAD tools he used to design the Cray I supercomputer; he also recommended using the back side of the pages so that the grid lines were not so dominant.
"Interesting - I use a Mac to help me design the next Cray." Seymoure Cray when he was told that Apple Inc. had recently bought a Cray supercomputer to help them design the next Mac.
"Your Highness, I have no need of this hypothesis." Pierre Laplace, to Napoleon on why his works on celestial mechanics make no mention of God.
"I choose a block of marble and chop off whatever I don't need." Francois-Auguste Rodin, when asked how he managed to make his remarkable statues
"The man who does not read good books has no advantage over the man who cannot read them." Mark Twain
"The truth is more important than the facts." Frank Lloyd Wright
"Research is what I'm doing when I don't know what I'm doing." Wernher Von Braun
"There are only two tragedies in life: one is not getting what one wants, and the other is getting it." Oscar Wilde
"There are only two ways to live your life. One is as though nothing is a miracle. The other is as though everything is a miracle." Albert Einstein

Таблица неправильных глаголов

НЕПРАВИЛЬНЫЕ ГЛАГОЛЫ – IRREGULAR VERBS

ГЛАГОЛ II форма (PAST SIMPLE) III форма (PAST PARTICIPLE) ПЕРЕВОД
be was, were been Быть
beat beat beaten Бить
become became become Становиться
begin began begun Начинать
bleed bled bled Кровоточить
blow blew blown Дуть
break broke broken Ломать
bring brought brought Приносить
build built built Строить
burn burnt burnt Гореть
burst burst burst Взрываться
buy bought bought Покупать
catch caught caught Ловить, хватать, успеть
choose chose chosen Выбирать
come came come Приходить
cost cost cost Стоить
creep crept crept Ползать
cut cut cut Резать
do did done Делать
draw drew drawn Рисовать, тащить
dream dreamt dreamt Мечтать, дремать
drink drank drunk Пить
drive drove driven Водить (машину)
eat ate eaten Есть
fall fell fallen Падать
feed fed fed Кормить
feel felt felt Чувствовать
fight fought fought Бороться
find found found Находить
fit fit fit Подходить по размеру
fly flew flown Летать
forget forgot forgotten Забывать
forgive forgave forgiven Прощать
freeze froze frozen Замерзать
get got got Получать
give gave given Давать
go went gone Идти
grow grew grown Расти
hang hung hung Вешать
have had had Иметь
hear heard heard Слышать
hide hid hidden Прятать
hit hit hit Попадать в цель
hold held held Держать
hurt hurt hurt Причинить боль
keep kept kept Держать (хранить)
kneel knelt knelt Стоять на коленях
know knew known Знать
lay laid laid Класть
lead led led Вести
lean leant leant Наклоняться
learn learnt learnt Учить
leave left left Оставлять
lend lent lent Давать взаймы (деньги)
let let let Позволять
lie lay lain Лежать
light lit lit Освещать
lose lost lost Терять
make made made Производить
mean meant meant Значить
meet met met Встречать
mistake mistook mistaken Ошибаться
pay paid paid Платить
prove proved proven Доказывать
put put put Положить
quit quit quit Покидать (бросать)
read read read Читать
ride rode ridden Ездить верхом
ring rang rung Звенеть
rise rose risen Подниматься
run ran run Бежать
say said said Говорить
see saw seen Видеть
seek sought sought Искать
sell sold sold Продавать
send sent sent Посылать
set set set Ставить
sew sewed sewn Шить
shake shook shaken Встряхивать
show showed shown Показывать
shrink shrank shrunk Сжиматься
shut shut shut Закрывать
sing sang sung Петь
sink sank sunk Тонуть
sit sat sat Сидеть
sleep slept slept Спать
slide slid slid Скользить
sow sowed sown Сеять
speak spoke spoken Говорить
spell spelt spelt Произносить по буквам
spend spent spent Тратить
spill spilt spilt Проливать
spoil spoilt spoilt Портить
spread spread spread Расстилать
spring sprang sprung Прыгать
stand stood stood Стоять
steal stole stolen Красть
stick stuck stuck Колоть
sting stung stung Жалить
sweep swept swept Выметать
swell swelled swollen Разбухать
swim swam swum Плавать
swing swung swung Качать
take took taken Брать, взять
teach taught taught Учить
tear tore torn Рвать
tell told told Рассказывать
think thought thought Думать
throw threw thrown Бросать
understand understood understood Понимать
wake woke woken Просыпаться
wear wore worn Носить (одежду)
weep wept wept Плакать
wet wet wet Мочить
win won won Выигрывать
wind wound wound Извиваться
write wrote written Писать

Смешные стишки с неправильными глаголами

Я в буфете buy-bought-bought (покупать)
Первоклассный бутерброд,  
За него я pay-paid-paid, (платить)
В классе в парту lay-laid-laid (класть)
И совсем не think-thought-thought, (думать)
Что сосед его умнёт.  
А теперь мне очень грустно -  
Smell-smelt-smelt он очень вкусно! (пахнуть)
Глянь, рогатку Баламут  
В свой кармашек put-put-put (положить)
И begin-began-begun (начинать)
Хулиганить хулиган!  
Он подушку cut-cut-cut, (резать)
Брата в ванной shut-shut-shut, (закрывать)
Все газеты light-lit-lit, (поджигать)
Собачонку hit-hit-hit, (бить)
Он соседу ring-rang-rung (звонить)
И, конечно, run-ran-run. (бежать)
Он совсем не think-thought-thought, (думать)
Что милиция придет.  
   
Дед и бабка find-found-found (находить)
Пса породы бассет-хаунд.  
Очень близок старикам  
Пес become-became-become. (становиться)
Give-gave-given дед ему (давать)
Дорогую бастурму -  
Надо ж псину feed-fed-fed (кормить)
Чем-то вкусным на обед.  
Сами сала и котлет  
Старики не let-let-let. (позволять)
Раньше бабка sit-sat-sat, (сидеть)
Knit-knit-knit себе жакет, (вязать)
А теперь ей дед велит  
Это дело quit-quit-quit; (бросать, прекращать)
Нынче бабушка и дед  
Жизнь другую lead-led-led: (вести)
Дед с улыбкой дремлет в ванне,  
Бабка dwell-dwelt-dwelt в чулане, (обитать)
Пес в кровати lie-lay-lain, (лежать)
Прямо как Саддам Хусейн.  
***  
Dig-dug-dug мы огород, (копать)
Come-came-come туда народ. (приходить)
Мы сказали: go-went-gone, (идти, уходить)
Это вам не балаган.  
***  
Мы с врагами fight-fought-fought, (драться, сражаться)
Их в ловушку catch-caught-caught. (ловить, поймать)
День удачу bring-brought-brought, (приносить)
Мы награду get-got-got. (получать)
Если зайцев bite-bit-bitten, (кусать)
Не давать им eat-ate-eaten, (есть)
Очень скоро learn-learnt-learnt (учиться)
Лихо спички burn-burnt-burnt. (зажигать)
Если друга meet-met-met - (встречать)
Его крепко keep-kept-kept. (держать)
Ну, а если loose-lost-lost, (терять)
То того он cost-cost-cost. (стоить)
Самолеты fly-flew-flown. (летать)
Наши дети grow-grew-grown. (расти)
Ну, а ветер blow-blew-blown, (дуть)
Обо всем он know-knew-known. (знать)
***  
Break-broke-broken старый дом. (ломаться, ломать)
Очень скучно было в нем.  
Новый дом мы draw-drew-drawn, (рисовать)
Build-built-built - и заживем. (строить)
Show-showed-shown быстрей мне свет! (показывать)
Светит солнце или нет?  
'Shine-shone-shone', ответил ты. (светить)
See-saw-seen до темноты. (видеть)
Say-said-said и повтори: (говорить)
Swim-swam-swum мы до зари. (плавать)
Teach-taught-taught spring-sprang-sprung в воду (учить) (прыгать)
Невзирая на погоду.  
Read-read-read ученый кот (читать)
Дни и ночи напролет.  
Tell-told-told и sing-sang-sung (рассказывать) (петь)
Небылицы по ночам.  
Я ride-rode-ridden рад (ехать верхом)
Leap-leapt-leapt на маскарад. (скакать, прыгать)
Если маску take-took-taken, (брать)
Вы mistake-mistook-mistaken, (ошибаться)
Не узнаете меня  
И не стащите с коня.  
***  
Spell-spelt-spelt любое слово. (произносить по буквам)
Speak-spoke-spoken это снова. (говорить)
Sweep-swept-swept из избы сор, (заметать)
Hang-hung-hung в избе топор. (вешать, висеть)
Throw-threw-thrown гранаты ловко, (бросать, выбрасывать)
Set-set-set ружье на полку, (ставить, устанавливать)
Shoot-shot-shot прицельно, метко, (стрелять)
Только не убей соседку.  
Lend-lent-lent врачу копейку. (одалживать)
Mean-meant-meant купить индейку. (иметь в виду, подразумевать)
Sell-sold-sold ее за трешку. (продавать)
Send-sent-sent друзьям матрешку. (посылать)
Hear-heard-heard оркестр прекрасный, (слышать)
Feel-felt-felt испуг напрасный, (чувствовать)
Не стремись fall-fell-fallen вниз, (падать)
Rise-rose-risen и разберись. (подниматься, вставать)
Wear-wore-worn перо на шляпу. (носить)
Write-wrote-written для нас кантату. (писать)
Have-had-had простой девиз, (иметь)
Win-won-won солидный приз. (выигрывать)
***  
Я sleep-slept-slept и вижу сон: (спать)
Только что я bear-bore-born. (рождаться, родиться)
Stand-stood-stood веселый поп, (стоять)
Толоконный его лоб.  
Shake-shook-shaken бородой, (трясти)
Рассуждает сам с собой:  
Сей ребенок strike-struck-struck, (ударять)
А, быть может, sink-sunk-sunk. (тонуть)
Он spend-spent-spent время зря, (проводить)
Freeze-froze-frоzen его я. (замораживать)
Leave-left-left я край родной. (покидать, оставлять)
Choose-chose-chosen дом другой, (выбирать)
О котором dream-dreamt-dreamt, (мечтать)
А теперь уж hold-held-held. (владеть)
Если ты wake-woke-woken, (просыпаться)
Drink-drank-drunk простую воду, (пить)
Do-did-done свою зарядку, (делать)
Make-made-made прополку грядки. (делать)
Drive-drove-driven машину споро. (водить)
Hide-hid-hidden еще не скоро. (прятаться, прятать)
Ничего не hurt-hurt-hurt, (ранить)
Там, глядишь, и повезет.  

Транслитерация украинского алфавита латиницей

Официальная транслитерация украинского алфавита латиницей с 27.01.2010

Отныне буквосочетание "зг" официально передается латиницей как "zgh", в отличии от "zh", что соответствует украинской букве "ж".

Что же касается мягкого знака и апострофа, то они латиницей не передаются.

Транслитерация фамилий и имен, а также географических названий совершается путем воспроизведения каждой буквы латиницей.

Таблица транслитерации украинского алфавита латиницей

Украинский алфавит

Латиница

Позиция в слове

Примеры написания

кириллицей

латиницей

Аа

 

Алушта
Андрій

Alushta
Andrii

Бб

Bb

 

Борщагівка
Борисенко

Borshchahivkа
Borysenko

Вв

Vv

 

Вінниця
Володимир

Vinnytsia
Volodymyr

Гг

Hh

 

Гадяч
Богдан
Згурський

Hadiach
Bohdan
Zghurskyi

Ґґ

Gg

 

Ґалаґан
Ґорґани

Galagan
Gorgany

Дд

Dd

 

Донецьк
Дмитро

Donetsk
Dmytro

Ее

 

Рівне
Олег
Есмань

Rivne
Oleh
Esman

Єє

Ye

 

ie

на початку слова


в інших позиціях

 

Єнакієве
Гаєвич
Короп'є

Yenakiieve
Haievych
Koropie

Жж

Zh zh

 

Житомир
Жанна
Жежелів

Zhytomyr
Zhanna
Zhezheliv

Зз

Zz

 

Закарпаття
Казимирчук

Zakarpattia
Kazymyrchuk

Ии

Yy

 

Медвин
Михайленко

Medvyn
Mykhailenko

Іі

Ii

 

Іванків
Іващенко

Ivankiv
Ivashchenko

Її

Yi

 

i

на початку слова

в інших позиціях

Їжакевич
Кадиївка
Мар'їне

Yizhakevych
Kadyivka
Marine

Йй

Y

 

i

на початку слова

в інших позиціях

Йосипівка
Стрий
Олексій

Yosypivka
Stryi
Oleksii

Кк

Kk

 

Київ
Коваленко

Kyiv
Kovalenko

Лл

Ll

 

Лебедин
Леонід

Lebedyn
Leonid

Мм

Mm

 

Миколаїв
Маринич

Mykolaiv
Marynych

Нн

Nn

 

Ніжин
Наталія

Nizhyn
Nataliіa

Оо

Oo

 

Одеса
Онищенко

Odesa
Onyshchenko

Пп

Pp

 

Полтава
Петро

Poltava
Petro

Рр

Rr

 

Решетилівка
Рибчинськй

Reshetylivka
Rybchynskyi

Сс

Ss

 

Суми
Соломія

Sumy
Solomiia

Тт

Tt

 

Тернопіль
Троць

Ternopil
Trots

Уу

Uu

 

Ужгород
Уляна

Uzhhorod
Uliana

Фф

Ff

 

Фастів
Філіпчук

Fastiv
Filipchuk

Хх

Kh kh

 

Харків
Христина

Kharkiv
Khrystyna

Цц

Ts ts

 

Біла Церква
Стеценко

Bila Tserkva
Stetsenko

Чч

Ch ch

 

Чернівці
Шевченко

Chernivtsi
Shevchenko

Шш

Sh sh

 

Шостка
Кишеньки

Shostka
Kyshenky

Щщ

Shch shch

 

Щербухи
Гоща
Гаращенко

Shcherbukhy
Hoshcha
Harashchenko

Юю

Yu

 

іu

на початку слова

в інших позиціях

Юрій
Корюківка

Yurii
Koriukivka

Яя

Ya

 

ia

на початку слова

в інших позиціях

Яготин
Ярошенко
Костянтин
Знам'янка
Феодосія

Yahotyn
Yaroshenko
Kostiantyn
Znamianka
Feodosiia

Сочетание "Зг, зг" - Zgh, zgh

Транскрипция и правила чтения

Транскрипция - это запись звучания буквы или слова в виде последовательности специальных фонетических символов. Транскрипция может и не каждому интересна, но, без сомнения, полезна. Зная транскрипцию, вы без посторонней помощи правильно прочитаете незнакомое слово. На занятиях вы сами можете прочитать транскрипцию слова (например с доски), не переспрашивая окружающих, тем самым облегчая себе процесс усваивания лексического материала и т.п. Поначалу будут ошибки в верном прочтении, т.к. всегда есть некоторые тонкости в произношении. Но это лишь дело практики. Чуть позже, при необходимости, вы сможете сами транскрибировать слова. Транскрипция напрямую связана с правилами чтения. В английском языке не всё, что видится (буквосочетания), так и читается (как в русском и испанском, например). Когда в учебниках (преимущественно отечественных) рассказывается о правилах чтения, большое внимание уделяется типу слога. Обычно описывается около пяти подобных типов. Но такое подробное теоретическое изложение правил чтения не очень облегчает участь новичка, и даже может его ввести в заблуждение. Необходимо помнить, что хорошее знание правил чтения - это большая заслуга практики, а не теории. Вашему вниманию будут представлены основные правила чтения отдельных букв и буквосочетаний. "За кадром" останутся некоторые фонетические моменты, которые трудно передать на письме. Немного терпения! И транскрипция, и правила чтения легко усваиваются за короткое время. Потом вы будете удивляться: "Как же стало просто читать и писать!" Однако не забывайте, что, несмотря на своё широчайшее распространение, английский язык не перестаёт быть ЯЗЫКОМ, полным исключений, стилистических и прочих изысков. И на любом этапе изучения языка, а особенно на начальном, почаще заглядывайте в словарь.

Транскрипционные значки и их произношение

 

Символы
Согласные звуки

Произношение звука
(аналогичное русское)

Символы
Гласные звуки

Произношение звука
(аналогичное русское)

[ b ]

[ б ]

Одиночные звуки

 

[ d ]

[ д ]

[ ? ]

[ а ] — короткое

[ f ]

[ ф ]

[ a:]

[ а ] — глубокое

[ 3 ]

[ ж ]

[ i ]

[ и ] — короткое

[ d3 ]

[ дж ]

[ i: ]

[ и ] — долгое

[ g ]

[ г ]

[ o ]1

[ о ] — короткое

[ h ]

[ х ]

[ o: ]

[ о ] — глубокое

[ k ]

[ к ]

[ u ]

[ у ] — короткое

[ l ]

[ л ]

[ u: ]

[ у ] — долгое

[ m ]

[ м ]

[ e ]

как в слове "плед"

[ n ]

[ н ]

[ ?: ]

как в слове "мёд"

[ p ]

[ п ]

Дифтонги2

 

[ s ]

[ с ]

[ ?u ]3

[ оу ]

[ t ]

[ т ]

[ au ]

[ ау ]

[ v ]

[ в ]

[ ei ]

[ эй ]

[ z ]

[ з ]

[ oi ]

[ ой ]

[ t?]

[ ч ]

[ ai ]

[ ай ]

[?]

[ ш ]

 

 

[ r ]

Мягкое [ р ] как в слове русский

 

 

[ о ]

Знак мягкости как в русской букве Ё (ёлка)

 

 

Звуки без аналогий в русском языке

[ ? ]

 

[ ? ]

 

[ ? ]

 

 

 

[ ? ]

Носовой, на французский манер, звук [ n ]

[ ? ]4

[нейтральный звук]

[ w ]

 

 

 

Примечания: Во многих школьных учебниках и в некоторых отечественных словарях этот звук обозначается как [ o ]. Но, в современных английских словарях этот звук принято обозначать как показано в таблице.
Дифтонг - это сложный звук, в состав которого входят два звука. В большинстве случаев дифтонг можно "разбить" на два звука, но не на письме. Так как во многих случаях один из составляющих звуков дифтонга, если он употребляется отдельно, будет иметь иное обозначение. Например дифтонг [ au ]: отдельно такого транскрипционного значка как [ a ] - НЕ существует. Поэтому большинство дифтонгов обозначаются не совокупностью разных транскрипционных значков, а своим собственным знаком.
Во многих школьных учебниках и в некоторых отечественных словарях этот звук обозначается как [ ou ], что более наглядно. Но, в современных английских словарях этот звук принято обозначать как показано в таблице.
Этим знаком часто обозначают в транскрипции безударные гласные звуки, независимо от тех букв (сочетаний), которые этот звук дают.
 

Правила чтения

Английские слова имеют несколько типов слогов. Однако, для понимания всей системы, необходимо запомнить и различать следующие два типа: открытый и закрытый. Открытый слог оканчивается на гласную: game, like, stone - гласная буква в слове читается так же, как и в алфавите. Закрытый слог оканчивается на согласную: pen, cat, bus - гласная буква в слоге даёт иной звук. Ударение в транскрипции и словах обозначается вертикальной чёрточкой перед ударным слогом.

Одиночные гласные звуки

Звук

Правила

[ e ]

обычно даёт буква e в закрытом слоге: get [ get ], vet [ vet ]
а также буквосочетание ea: dead [ ded ], pleasure [ ?ple3? ]
Примечание: это же буквосочетание часто даёт звук [ i: ] (см. ниже)

[ i ]

обычно даёт буква i в закрытом слоге: hit [ hit ], kill [ kil ]
а также буква y в закрытом слоге: gym [ d3im ], cylinder [ ?silind? ]
Примечание: эти же буквы в открытом слоге дают звук [ ai ] (см. ниже)

[ i: ]

возникает в следующих буквосочетаниях: e + e (всегда): meet [ mi:t ], deep [di:p ];
буква e в открытом слоге: tree [ tri: ], Steve [ sti:v ];
в буквосочетании e + a: meat [ mi:t ], beam [ bi:m ]
Примечание: это же буквосочетание (ea) часто даёт звук [ e ] (см. выше)

[ o ]

обычно даёт буква o в закрытом слоге: pot [ pot ], lottery [ ?lot?ri ],
а также буква a в закрытом слоге после w: wasp [ wosp ], swan [ swon ]

[o:]

возникает в следующих буквосочетаниях:

  1. o + r: corn [ ko:n ], fortress [ ?fo:tr?s ]; more [ mo: ]
  2. почти всегда в a + u: fauna [ ?fo:n? ], taunt [ to:nt ]; исключение составляют лишь несколько слов, например, aunt
  3. Согласная (кроме w) + a + w : dawn [ do:n ], hawk [ ho:k ].
  4. всегда в буквосочетании a + ll: tall [ to:l ], small [ smo:l ]
  5. Буквосочетание a + ld (lk) также даёт этот звук: bald [ bo:ld ], talk [ to:k ]
  6. Нечасто, но можно встретить буквосочетание ou + r, дающее этот звук: pour [ po: ], mourn [mo:n ].

[? ]

обычно даёт буква a в закрытом слоге: flag [ fl?g ], married [ ?m?rid ]

[ ? ]

обычно даёт буква u в закрытом слоге: dust [ d?st ], Sunday [ ?s?ndei ].
А также:
ouble: double [ d?bl ], trouble [ tr?bl ]
ove: glove [ gl?v ], dove [ d?v ]
Примечание: но встречаются и исключения: move [ mu:v ] - (см. ниже);
flood [ fl?d ], blood [ bl?d ] - (см. выше)

[a: ]

возникает в следующих буквосочетаниях:

  1. a + r: dark [ da:k ], farm [ fa:m ] (см. примечание)
  2. регулярно буква a в закрытом слоге: last [ la:st ], father [ fa:?? ] - поэтому необходимо сверяться со словарём, т.к. a в закрытом слоге традиционно даёт звук [ ? ] как в cat [ k?t ];
  3. согласная + alm также стабильно даёт этот звук: palm [ pa:m ], calm [ ka:m ] + примечание

Примечание: 1. очень редко a + r даёт звук [ o: ] warm [ wo:m ];
3. Редко: salmon [ s?m?n ]

[ u ]
[u: ]

долгота этого звука в большинстве случаев варьируется по историческим причинам, нежели по орфографическим. То есть для каждого слова она определяется индивидуально. Эта разница в долготе не несёт огромной смыслоразличительной нагрузки, как в других звуках. И в устной речи её не нужно специально подчёркивать.
Данный звук возникает в следующих случаях:

  1. всегда o+o: foot [ fut ], boot [ bu:t ], took [ tuk ], moon [ mu:n ]
  2. после pu в закрытом слоге иногда даёт краткий вариант:
    put [ put ], push [ pu?] (предыдущая буква всегда p) - (см. примечание)
  3. ou + согласная: could [ ku:d ], wound [ wu:nd ] ( но подобные случаи не часты).
  4. r + u+ согласная + гласная: prune [ pru:n ], rumour [ ru:m? ]

Примечание: 2. Но в подобных же случаях с другими согласными u почти всегда даёт звук [ ? ] : cut [ k?t ], plus [ pl?s ], punch [ p?nt?]

[ ?: ]

возникает в закрытых слогах при следующих буквосочетаниях:

  1. всегда i /e /u + r (в закрытом слоге): skirt [ sk?:t ], person [ p?:s?n ] turn [ t?:n ], burst [ b?:st ] - (см. примечание)
  2. ea + r: pearl [ p?:l ], learn [ l?:n ]

Примечание: в отдельных случаях сочетание o + r после w даёт этот звук: word [ w?:d ], work [ w?:k ]

[ ? ]

Нейтральный звук дают большинство неударных гласных\сочетаний гласных: famous [ feim?s ], computer [ k?mpju:t? ]

 

Гласные дифтонги

Звук

Правила

[ ei ]

обычно возникает в следующих случаях:

  1. a в открытом слоге: game [ geim], pale [ peil ]
  2. ai в закрытом слоге: pain [ pein ], rail [ reil ]
  3. ay (обычно в конце): pray [ prei ], hay [ hei ]
  4. ey (редко, но метко) обычно в конце: grey [ grei ], survey [ ?s?:vei ]

Примечание: 4. это же буквосочетание иногда даёт звук [ i: ]: key [ ki: ]

[ ai ]

обычно возникает в следующих случаях:

  1. буква i в открытом слоге: fine [ fain ], price [ prais ]
  2. ie на конце слова: pie [ pai ], die [ dai ]
  3. буква y в открытом слоге: rhyme [ raim ], syce [ sais ] и на конце слова: my [ mai ], cry [ krai ]
  4. ye на конце слова: dye [ dai ], rye [ rai ]

[ oi ]

обычно возникает в следующих случаях:

  1. oi (обычно в середине слова) - poison [ ?poiz?n ], noise [ noiz ]
  2. oy (обычно в конце) - boy [ boi ], alloy [ ??loi ]

[ au ]

возникает в следующих буквосочетаниях:

  1. o + w: how [ hau ], down [ daun ] - (см. примечание)
  2. o + u: round [ raund ], pout [ paut ]

Примечание: 1. это же буквосочетание часто даёт звук [ ?u ] (см. ниже)

[ ?u ]

  1. обычно даёт буква o в открытом слоге: stone [ st?un ], lonely [ ?l ?unli ]
  2. буквосочетания o + w (обычно в конце слова): blow [ bl?u ], crow [ kr?u ] - (см. примечание)
  3. ou перед l: soul [ s?ul ], foul [ f?ul ]
  4. oa+ гласная: coach [ k?ut? ], toad [ t?ud ]
  5. old (как в открытом слоге): cold [ k?uld ], gold [ g?uld ].

Примечание: 1. слово-исключение: both [ b?u? ];
2. это же буквосочетание часто даёт звук [ au ] (см. выше)

[ i? ]

дают следующие буквосочетания:

  1. ea + r: hear [ hi? ], near [ ni? ] - (см. примечание)
  2. e + r + e: here [ hi? ] , sere [ si? ]
  3. ee + r: deer [ di? ], peer [ pi? ]

Примечание: 1. если за этим буквосочетанием идёт согласная, то возникает звук [ ?: ] - dearth [ d?:? ]. Исключение - beard [ bi?d ]

[ e? ]

дают следующие буквосочетания:

  1. a + r + e: dare [ de? ], flare [ fle? ]
  2. ai + r: hair [ he? ], fair [ fe? ]

[ ai? ]

дают следующие буквосочетания:

  1. i + r + e: fire [ fai? ], hire [ hai? ]
  2. y + r + e: tyre [ tai? ], pyre [ pai? ]

 

Согласные звуки

Звук

Правила

[?]

существует несколько буквосочетаний, которые всегда дают этот звук (помимо других):

  1. tion [??n ]: celebration [ ?seli?brei?n ], tuition [ tju:?i?n ]
  2. cious [??s ]: delicious [ dil???s ], vicious [ ?vi??s ]
  3. cian [??n ]: musician [ mju:?zi??n ], politician [ poli?ti??n ]
  4. и, конечно, буквосочетание sh: sheep [ ?i:p ], shoot [ ?u:t ]

[ t?]

всегда возникает в:

  1. ch: chair [ t?e? ], child [ t?aild ]
  2. t + ure: creature [ ?kri:t?? ], future [ ?fju:t?? ]

[ ? ]
[ ? ]

Эти два звука даются одним и тем же буквосочетанием th.
Обычно, если это буквосочетание стоит в середине слова (между двумя гласными), то возникает звук [ ? ]: without [ wi??aut ]
И, если оно стоит в начале или конце слова, то возникает звук [ ? ]: thanks [ ??nks ], faith [ fei? ]

[ ? ]

носовой звук возникает в буквосочетании гласная + ng:
sing [ si? ], hungry [ ?h??gri ], wrong [ wro? ], hang [ h?? ]

[ j ]

мягкость в звуке может возникать в одних случаях, и никак не проявляться в других аналогичных случаях, например super [ ?s u: p ?] (см. словарь):

  1. u в открытом слоге: mute [ mju:t ], huge [ hju:d3 ]
  2. ew: few [ fju: ], lewd [ lju:d ]
  3. если слово начинается на y + гласная: yard [ ja:d ], young [ j?? ]

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